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Chpt 32 pharmacology

Antitussives, Mucolytics, and Expectorants

GenericTrade NameUsesadverse reactionsdrug class
dextromethorphan and benzocaine Cough-X, Tetra-Formula Symptomatic relief of cough and bronchial irritation drowsiness, dizziness, GI upset Nonopioid Antitussive
diphenhydramine Allermax, Hydramine Cough, Tusstat, Silphen Cough Symptomatic relief of cough caused by colds, allergy, or bronchial irritation drowsiness, dizziness, GI upset Nonopioid Antitussive
acetylcysteine Mucomyst Reduction of viscosity of mucus in acute and chronic bronchopulmonary diseases and diagnostic bronchial studies, acetaminophen toxicity Stomatitis nausea, vomiting fever, drowsiness, brochospasm, irritation of the trachea and bronchi Mucolytic
guaifenesin Hytus, Organdin NR Robitussin Relief of cough associated with respiratory tract infection (sinusitis, asthma, bronchitis, pharyngitis), esp. when the cough is dry and nonproductive nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, rash Expectorant
potassium iodide Pima, SSKI Symptomatic relief of COPD complicated by tenacious mucus Iodine sensitivity or iodism (sore mouth, metallic taste, increased salivation, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, paroitid swelling, and pain) Expectorant
codeine codeine Suppresion of nonproductive cough, relief of mild to moderate pain sedation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, constipation, CNS depression Opioid Antitussive
benzonatate Tessalon Perles Symptomatic relief of cough sedation, nausea, mild dizziness, constipation, headache, GI upset, pruritis, nasal congestion Nonopioid Antitussive
dextromethorphan Delsym, Formula 44 Cough, Robitussin, DexAlone, Benylin Symptomatic relief of cough drowsiness, dizziness, GI upset Nonopioid Antitussive
Created by: madrigo