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chpt 4 nf

Legal and Ethical Aspects of Nursing

laws formal written rules of behavior that govern conduct and ensure the protection of citizens.
ethics moral principles and values that guide human behaviors.
crime a wrong committed against a person or property or public good. A crime occurs when a law is violated
felony a serious crime
misdemeanor a crime that is considered not as serious as a felony. A nurse's license can still be revoked if committed.
liability the legal responsibility for one's actions or failure to act appropriately.
euthanasia mercy killing
tort an injury that occurred because of another person's intentional or unintentional actions or failure to act. The inury can be physical, emotional, or financial.
malpractice professional negligence; the improper, injurious, or faulty treatment of a client that results in injury or loss.
negligence harm done to a client as a result of neglecting duties, procedures, or ordinary precautions. the failure to act as a reasonable person would have acted in a similar situation; takes into acct your educational level and experience.
assault a threat or attempt to do bodily harm; includes physical or verbal intimidation
battery physical contact with another person without that person's consent
inferred consent in life threatening situations, the client provides consent for care.
civil law protects civil rights such as freedom from invasion of privacy and freedom from threats of injury
criminal law laws that define offenses that violate the public welfare
administrative law empowers agencies ot create and enforce rules and regulations
statutory law any law enacted by a legislative body
constitutional law law written as part of a local, state, or federal constitution; ex. right to free speech
informed consent tests, treatments, and medications have been explained to the person, as well as outcomes, possible complications, and alternative procedures
libel a written statement or photograph that is false or damaging
slander malicious verbal statements that are false or injurious
defamation an act that harms a person's reputation and good name
abandonment of care a legal term that implies that a healthcare professional has prematurely stopped caring for a client
right to privacy a client has the right to expect that his or her property will be left alone
HIPAA 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act; federal privacy regulation; protects clients' info and makes sure the info remains private
PHI/EHI Protected Health Information/Electronic Health Information; "any part of an individual's medical record or payment history"; only employees who "need to know" can legally access any client's record
HIPAA Title II act regulates who can have acces to client info; sets standards for storage and transmission of client info; requires that healthcare facilities write policies allowing clients access to their own personal health information
Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005 aka Patient Safety Act encourages the reporting and the subsequent analysis of medical errors and safety issues in a confidential manner w/out fear of increased liability risk
ROI Release of Information; no one can legally give out personal information about a client w/out a signed ROI.
"No Information" Status when a client requests that no one know that they are in a facility; no mail, flowers, visitors; common in mental health. abortion, rehab facilities
alias when client is admitted to a facility under another name; famous, celebrity clients
AKA also known as; ex. married woman
AMA against medical advice
Nurse Practice Act the law that defines and regulates the practice of nursing in the US.
NCLEX-PN National Counsel Licensing Examination for Practical Nurses
NCSBN National Council of State Boards of Nursing; responsible for NCLEX exams
CAT Computerized Adaptive Testing
CEU/CEH Continuing education units/hours
advance directive a legal document in which a person either states choices for medical treatment or names some on the make tx choices if he or she loses decision-making ability
PSDA Patient Self-Determination Act (1991); Requires all healthcare institutions to comply w/ the provisions of this act or forfeit reimbursement from Medicare or other types of funding; requires that all adults admitted to any healthcare facility must be asked if they have an advance directive
three major types of advance directives living will, directives to physicians; durable power of attorney for healthcare
living will a written and legally witness document that requests no extraordinary measures to be taken to save a person's life in the event of terminal illness
directive to physicians physician is decision-maker for terminally ill patient; physician must agree in writing
clinical/biological death death due to the absence of respirations and the absence of a heartbeat
UNOS The United Network of Organ Sharing; established to ensure fairness in the receipt of donated organs
Created by: madrigo