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microbial def vocab

Abscess collection of pus
Anaphylaxis Life threating allergic reation
Anergy lack of reaction by the body's defense mechanisms to foreign substances, and consists of a direct induction of peripheral
Antibodies protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens
Antigen An antigen is any substance that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against it
Antipyretic are drugs or herbs that reduce fever
Basophils type of white blood cell produced in the bone marrow. They make up about 0.5% of the total number of white blood cells
Boil A boil, also called a furuncle, is a deep folliculitis, infection of the hair follicle
Carbuncle A carbuncle is an abscess larger than a boil, usually with one or more openings draining pus onto the skin
cellulitis Cellulitis is a localized or diffuse inflammation of connective tissue with severe inflammation of dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin
colonization presence and multiplication of micro organisms without tissue invasion or damage
contusion bruise
wound culture A skin or wound culture is a test to find and identify germs (such as bacteria, a fungus, or a virus) that may be growing on the skin or in a wound
degenerative disease in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs will progressively deteriorate over time, whether due to normal bodily wear or lifestyle choices such as exercise or eating habits
diagnosis Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of anything
disease A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism
dyscrasias An abnormal state or disorder of the body, especially of the blood
bands immature wbc's
b lymphocytes make antibodies b cells found in bone marrow they mature into plasma cells which secrete memory cells and antibodies
Electrocardiogram record the electric activity of the heart: it evalutares the hearts function
Empyema accumulation of purlent exudate in the pleural cavity
Eosinophils that are one of the immune system components responsible for combating multicellular parasites and certain infections in vertebrates
Erythema Areddening of the skin
Erythrocytes Red blood cells, or erythrocytes, are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate organism's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues via the blood flow through the circulatory system.[
Etiology to refer to the study of why things occur
Fever one of the most common medical signs and is characterized by an elevation of body temperature above the normal range of 36.5–37.5 °C (98–100 °F) due to an increase in the temperature regulatory set-point
Fistula is an abnormal[3] connection or passageway between two epithelium-lined organs or vessels that normally do not connec
Furuncle often called a boil but also an inflamation of a hair follicle
Gangrene is the necrosis or death of areas of tissue surrounded by healthy tissue which occurs if blood supply is restricted to an area to the point that cells die
Hematocrit also known as packed cell volume (PCV) or erythrocyte volume fraction (EVF), is the volume percentage (%) of red blood cells in blood
Hemoglobin is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates[1] (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae[2]) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates
Histamine Histamine is an organic nitrogen compound involved in local immune responses as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter
Hyperplasia means increase in number of cells/proliferation of cells
Hyperthermia Situation in which body temp exceeds the set point
Hypertrophy is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells. It should be distinguished from hyperplasia, in which the cells remain approximately the same size but increase in number
Hypothermia Abnormal lowering of body temp
Idiopathic occuring without a cause
Immunocompetence is the ability of the body to produce a normal immune response following exposure to an antigen. Immunocompetence is the opposite of immunodeficiency or immuno-incompetent or immuno-compromised
inflammation protective response of body tissues to irritation or injury
isolation seperation of seriously ill patient from others to prevent the spread of an infection or to protect the patient from irritating environmental factors
Laceration Torn jagged wound
lesion is any abnormality in the tissue of an organism (in layman's terms, "damage"), usually caused by disease or trauma
Leukocytes are cells of the immune system involved in defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials
Leukocytosis An increased number of leukocytes usually caused by infection
Leukopenia An abnormal decrease in Leukocytes occurs when bone marrowactivity in supressed
Lymphocytes account for 20-40%of circulating leukocytes
Malaise is a feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness, of being "out of sorts", often the first indication of an infection or other disease
Metaplasia a change in normal pattern of differentiation such that dividing cells differentiates into cell types not normally found in that location in the body
Microbes microscopic organism that comprises either a single cell (unicellular), cell clusters,[1] or multicellular relatively complex organisms
Monocytes Monocytes are a type of white blood cell and are part of the innate immune system of vertebrates including all mammals (humans included), birds, reptiles, and fish
Neutropenia A decrease in the circulating neutrophils
Neutrophils Neutrophil granulocytes are the most abundant type of white blood cells in mammals and form an essential part of the innate immune system
opportunistic infection caused by pathogens,particularly opportunistic pathogensthose that take advantage of certain situationssuch as bacterial,viral,fungal or protozoan infections that usually do not cause disease in a healthy host, one with a healthy immune system
pathogenesis disease is the mechanism by which the disease is caused. The term can also be used to describe the origin and development of the disease and whether it is acute, chronic or recurrent. The word comes from the Greek pathos, "disease", and genesis, "creation
pathology is the precise study and diagnosis of disease
Peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
Phagocytosis process by which a foreign agent or target cell is engulfed destroyed and digested
Prostaglandins is any member of a group of lipid compounds that are derived enzymatically from fatty acids and have important functions in the animal body
Pyrexia fever
sanguineous bloody discharge
sepsis is a potentially deadly medical condition characterized by a whole-body inflammatory state (called a systemic inflammatory response syndrome or SIRS) caused by severe infection
septicemia Septicemia is a serious, life-threatening infection that gets worse very quickly
Sequela pathological condition resulting from a disease, injury, or other trauma. Typically, a sequela is a chronic condition that is a complication of an acute condition that begins during the acute condition
superinfection is the process by which a cell that has previously been infected by one virus gets coinfected with a different strain of the virus, or another virus, at a later point in time
suppuration A discharge of pus from a wound
Syndrome is the association of several clinically recognizable features, signs symptoms phenomena or characteristics that often occur together, so that the presence of one or more features alerts the healthcare provider to the possible presence of the others
Systemic something that is spread throughout, system-wide, affecting a group or system such as a body, economy, market or society as a whole
Tepid luke warm
Thrombocytes are cells lacking major organelles that play a key role in blood clotting, aggregating with thrombin
Thrombocytopenia a platlet count of less than 100 per millimeter of blood
T lymphocytes belong to a group of white blood cells known as lymphocytes, and play a central role in cell-mediated immunity
Ulceration formation of an ulcer
urticaria hives
vascularity or containing vessels that carry or circulate fluids, such as blood, lymph, or sap, through the body of an animal or plant
virulence how strong the pothogen is
viscosity the resistance to flow
Created by: 749022473