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gastrointestinal sta

gastrointestinal study stack

QuestionAnswer
pathalogical opening between trachea and esophagus tracheo-esophageal fistula
supersaturated cholesterol or bilirubin in gall bladder cholelithiasis
Congenital Aganglionic Megacolon Hirschsprung's disease
Age, high fat diet, obesity, multiparity, diabetes risk factors for cholelithiasis
stomach protrudes through esophageal hiatus hiatal hernia
intestines and abdominal organs in thoracic cavity diaphragmatic hernia
first line of treatment for hiatal hernia non-pharmacologic (diet, positioning)
congenital abdominal defect with intestines in peritoneal sac protruding from abdominal opening omphalocele
congenital abdominal defect with intestines protruding from umbilical openin without peritoneum gastroschisis
fluid output greater than intake dehydration
causes of dehydration vomiting, diarrhea, fever, burns, tachypnes, diabetic ketoacidosis
reasons infants more vulnerable to dehydration relatively greater body surface area, higher basic metabolic rate, immature kidneys, increased fluid requirements
first sign of severe dehydration tachycardia
causes of chronic dehydration malabsorption syndromes, inflammatory bowel disease, immune deficiency, food allergy, lactose intolerance
flavored drinks with physiological concentrations of glucose and electrolytes oral rehydration therapy (ORT)
immune response to wheat protein (gliadin) celiac disease
inflamed appendix appendicitis
condition resulting from ruptured appendix or gall bladder peritonitis
fetal tissue remnant connecting small intestine to umbilicus Meckels Diverticulum
thickened pyloric sphincter narrowing pyloric channel pyloric stenosis
surgical treatment of pyloric stenosis pyloromyotomy
proximal segment of bowel telescoped into distal segment intussusception
congenital absence of anal opening imperforate anus
most common congenital facial malformation cleft lip and cleft palate
surgical repair of cleft lip cheiloplasty
surgical repair of cleft palate palatoplasty
Created by: N122-Kleiman