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Unit 4 Cell Division

Cell Division Division process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides
Chromatids one of two identical “sister” parts of a duplicated chromosome
Centromere area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Cell Cycle series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cancer disorder in which some of the body’s own cells lose the ability to control growth
Diploid term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
Haploid term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set of chromosomes and therefore only a single set of genes
transformation process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria
bacteriophage virus that infects bacteria
base pairing principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
chromatin granular material visible within the nucleus, consists of DNA tightly coiled around proteins
replication copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
DNA polymerase enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucleotides to produce a DNA molecule
apoptosis programmed cell death
nucleotide monomer of Nucleic Acids
sexual reproduction joining of two specialized cells called gametes, one from each parent resulting in offspring that are genetically unique
asexual reproduction reproduction of a single celled organism by which the cell divides into two cells of the same size that are genetically identical to each other
histone protein that organizes chromosomes and around which DNA wraps
chromosome one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes along with regulatory information
Created by: Batterbee