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Pharm Final CCC 105

Pharm Final CCC PN105

angioedema swelling of nose, lips, and mouth; sign of allergic reaction and can coincide with anaphylaxis
adverse reaction any noxious, unintended result from taking drug in appropriate dose
allergic reaction immune response to drug ranging in intensity from mild itching to severe anaphylaxis
dosage determination and regulation of size, frequency, and number of doses of medication to be given
dose measured quantity to be administered at one time
enteral by way of the intestines
idiosyncratic reaction uncommon, unexpected, or individual drug response resulting from genetic predisposition
paradoxical reaction causing an effect opposite of the intended effect
parenteral route other than GI tract
side effect any unintended and usually predictable result of taking drug in appropriate dose
syngerestic effect increase in the effects of any or all of two or more drugs taken together
toxic effect seriously adverse reaction
toxicity adverse drug reaction caused by excessive dosing
tolerance becoming tolerant to current dosage of medication requiring increased dosage to maintain same effects
withdrawl physical symptoms due to discontinuation of mecication usually due to addiction
offers most direct and reliable method of administering medication while providing the most rapid absorption patenteral route
disadvantages of parenteral routes risk of infection, tissue damage, pain, and anxiety from patient
easiest and most often used parenteral route for administration oral
medications given by oral route, local-systemic-both both
medications applied to skin or instilled in eye/ear canal, local-systemic-both local
medications given by transdermal patch, local-systemic-both systemic
medications given by mucous membranes (sublingual, buccal, respiratory tract, vagina, rectum), local-systemic-both both
when to not give by oral route patient vomiting, decreased intestinal mobility, NPO, inability to swallow, NG tube
before giving oral medications, always check this ability to swallow
patient position for oral medication route sitting or side-lying position
medications to never be cut or crushed sublingual, buccal, enteric coated, timed release
when giving liquid medication, measure based on __________ level base of meniscus
when giving child liquid medication, use this method for less than 1tsp oral dosing syringe or medicine spoon
patients at highest risk for toxicity due to changes in GI absorption geriatric patients
types of topical medications lotions, creams, ointments, patches, pastes
before giving topical medication, always check site for this irritation and skin breakdown
enteric and timed release medications are broken down here small intenstines
when giving a subq injections, use this method to measure depth half the pinch
why to give enteric medication gentler on stomach
sites for IM injections deltoid, vastus lateralis, ventrogluteal
what to avoid when giving injection lesions, trauma, inflammation, and bony prominescences
angle for IM insertion 90 degrees
always check this when giving IM injections aspirate for blood
landmarks for deltoid injection acromion process and axillary line
landmarks for vastus lateralis injection head of greater trochanter and knee
landmarks for ventrogluteal injection head of greater trochanter and anterior superior iliac spine
never use dorsogluteal site for IM injection due to this possible sciatic nerve damage
amount of medication for deltiod injection up to 1ml
amount of medication for vastus lateralis injection, adults up to 3ml
amount of medication for vastus lateralis injection, infants and small infants 0.5ml-1ml
amount of medication for ventrogluteal injection, adults and teens up to 3ml
amount of medication for ventrogluteal injection, toddler and ages 3+ 2-3ml
amount of medication for ventrogluteal injection, infants and small infants 0.5ml-1ml
where to give intradermal injection inner forearm and upper back
amount of medication for intradermal injection 1ml or less
angle to give intradermal injection 5-15 degrees
where to give subq injection large areas that are easiest for patient to reach; upper outer arm, abdomen (2" from umbilicus), anterior thighs, scapula, upper ventrodorsal gluteal
amount of medication for subq injection 1ml or less
angle for subq injection 45-90 degrees
steps of nursing process assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, evaluation
Created by: cmp12345