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Energy and Organisms

Test Prep

QuestionAnswer
True or False: You use energy to make the lipid membrane in your cells. True
What do you need in order to make copies of DNA? Energy is needed
True or False: Your body needs energy to make digestive enzymes. True
You need ENERGY to make your muscles________. contract
How do butterflies use and obtain energy? They get energy from the egg, then they hatch into larva that eat a lot; then they are in a pupae; and finally adults which require energy to survive.
How do frogs use and obtain energy? They have energy stored in their eggs, including a yolk sac that stays with them for a short period of time after they hatch; the adults get their energy from eating
How do humans use and obtain energy? They get their energy from their mothers as they develop, then they get their energy from milk they drink from their mothers.
What two chemicals are used during photosynthesis? Carbon dioxide and water
What two chemicals are made during photosynthesis? Glucose and oxygen
What two chemicals are used during respiration? Glucose and oxygen
What two chemicals are made during respiration? Carbon dioxide and water
Respiration starts in a cells cytoplasm and continues in organelles called____________. Mitochondria
Plants and animals both do______________. Cellular respiration
What is the name of the pigment responsible for photosynthesis? Chlorophyll
In the fall, many plants lose their green color and stop doing photosynthesis because they do not have enough water or______ to do photosynthesis. Light
What is the name for an organism that can make its own food? Producer
What is the name of an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms? Consumer
What is the name of the organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms? Decomposer
What is the name for the consumer that eats only plants? Herbivore
What is the name for the consumer that eats only animals? Carnivore
What is the name for the consumer that eats both plants and animals? Omnivore
Algae -> Water insects -> Frogs -> Herons What would happen to the frog population if the heron population decreased? The frog population would increase
Algae -> Water insects -> Frogs -> Herons What would happen to the water insect population if the heron population decreased? The water insect population would decrease
About what percent of energy is transferred from one tropic level of this ecosystem to the next? 10%
What is the name for the close relationship between species that benefits at least one of the species? Symbiosis
What is the name for the relationship between two species in which both species benefit? Mutualism
What is the name for the relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed? Commensalism
What is the name for the relationship in which one organism lives on or inside another and harms it? Parasitism
Created by: sthebeau