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Common EMS Mnemonics

Mnemonics

QuestionAnswer
ENAME A checklist for first tasks on scene of a motor vehicle collision. (E) stands for ENAME(E) Environmental hazards
ENAME A checklist for first tasks on scene of a motor vehicle collision. (N) stands for ENAME(N) Number of patients
ENAME A checklist for first tasks on scene of a motor vehicle collision. (A) stands for ENAME(A) Additional resources
ENAME A checklist for first tasks on scene of a motor vehicle collision. (M) stands for ENAME(M) Mechanism of injury
ENAME A checklist for first tasks on scene of a motor vehicle collision. 2nd(E) stands for ENAME 2nd(E)Extrication?
APGAR method to quickly and summarily assess the health of newborn children immediately after birth,evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values thus obtained.(A) stands for APGAR(A) Appearance Score of 0 blue or pale all over. Score of 1 blue at extremities body pink. Score of 2 (acrocyanosis) no cyanosis body and extremities pink
APGAR method to quickly and summarily assess the health of newborn children immediately after birth,evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values thus obtained. (P) stands for APGAR(P) Pulse Score of 0 Absent. Score of 1 <100. Score of 2 ≥100.
APGAR method to quickly and summarily assess the health of newborn children immediately after birth,evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values thus obtained. (G) stands for APGAR(G)Grimace Score of 0 no response to stimulation. Score of 1 grimace/feeble cry when stimulated. Score of 2 cry or pull away when stimulated.
APGAR method to quickly and summarily assess the health of newborn children immediately after birth,evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values thus obtained. 2nd(A) stands for APGAR 2nd(A) Activity Score of 0 none. Score of 1 some flexion. Score of 2 flexed arms and legs that resist extension.
APGAR method to quickly and summarily assess the health of newborn children immediately after birth,evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values thus obtained. (R) stands for APGAR(R) Respirations Score of 0 absent. Score of 1 weak, irregular, gasping. Score of 2 strong, lusty cry.
OPQRST Line of questioning for the patient assessment. (O) stands for OPQRST(O)Onset of the event What the patient was doing when it started (active, inactive, stressed), whether the patient believes that activity prompted the pain, and whether the onset was sudden, gradual or part of an ongoing chronic problem.
OPQRST Line of questioning for the patient assessment. (P) stands for OPQRST(P)Provocation Whether any movement, pressure (such as palpation) or other external factor makes the problem better or worse. This can also include whether the symptoms relieve with rest.
OPQRST Line of questioning for the patient assessment. (Q) stands for OPQRST(Q)Quality of the pain Patient's description of the pain. Descriptions of the patient's pain: whether it is sharp, dull, crushing, burning, tearing,along with the pattern, such as intermittent, constant, or throbbing.
OPQRST Line of questioning for the patient assessment. (R) stands for OPQRST(R)Region and Radiation Where the pain is on the body and whether it radiates (extends) or moves to any other area.
OPQRST Line of questioning for the patient assessment. (S) stands for OPQRST(S)Severity The pain score (usually on a scale of 0 to 10). Zero is no pain and ten is the worst possible pain.
OPQRST Line of questioning for the patient assessment. (T) stands for OPQRST(T)Time (history) How long the condition has been going on and how it has changed since onset (better, worse, different symptoms).
SAMPLE history. key questions for a patient's assessment (S) stands for SAMPLE (S)Signs and Symptoms
SAMPLE history. key questions for a patient's assessment (A) stands for SAMPLE (A)Allergies
SAMPLE history. key questions for a patient's assessment (M) stands for SAMPLE (M)Medications
SAMPLE history. key questions for a patient's assessment (P) stands for SAMPLE (P)Past medical history
SAMPLE history. key questions for a patient's assessment (L) stands for SAMPLE (L)Last oral intake
SAMPLE history. key questions for a patient's assessment (E) stands for SAMPLE (E)Events leading up to the injury and/or illness
SOAP This is the general order for treating a patient. (S) stands for SOAP(S)Subjective information (What is the patient telling you?)
SOAP This is the general order for treating a patient. (O) stands for SOAP(O)Objective information (What are your observations and tools telling you?)
SOAP This is the general order for treating a patient. (A) stands for (SOAPA)Assessment of the patient (What do you think is happening?)
SOAP This is the general order for treating a patient. (P) stands for (SOAPP)Plan of action (What are you going to do about it?)
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (D) stands for DCAP-BTLS(D) Deformities
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (C) stands for DCAP-BTLS(C) Contusions
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (A) stands for DCAP-BTLS(A) Abrasions
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (P) stands for DCAP-BTLS(P) Penetrations
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (B) stands for DCAP-BTLS(B) Burns
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (T) stands for DCAP-BTLS(T) Tenderness
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (L) stands for DCAP-BTLS(L) Lacerations
DCAP-BTLS key component during a rapid trauma assessment,specific soft tissue injuries to look for during a person's assessment after a traumatic injury. (S) stands for (DCAP-BTLS(S) Swelling
DOTS aiding first responders in assessing the condition of trauma patients. (D) stands for DOTS(D) Deformities; Usually signifying a broken bone
DOTS aiding first responders in assessing the condition of trauma patients. (O) stands for DOTS(O) Open Wounds; Broken skin, often accompanied by bleeding.
DOTS aiding first responders in assessing the condition of trauma patients. (T) stands for DOTS(T) Tenderness; Sensitivity or pain expressed by the patient when the problem area is touched.
DOTS aiding first responders in assessing the condition of trauma patients. (S) stands for DOTS(S) Swelling; Caused by accumulation of fluids within the body.
ABC ABC's are the critical steps in the Initial Assessment of a patient. (A) stands for ABC(A)airway
ABC ABC's are the critical steps in the Initial Assessment of a patient. (B) stands for ABC(B)breathing
ABC ABC's are the critical steps in the Initial Assessment of a patient. (C) stands for ABC(C)circulation
PRBELLS The vital signs to take. (P) Stands for PRBELLS(P)Pulse
PRBELLS The vital signs to take. (R) Stands for PRBELLS(R)Respiration
PRBELLS The vital signs to take. (B) Stands for PRBELLS(B)Blood Pressure
PRBELLS The vital signs to take. (E) Stands for PRBELLS(E) Eyes
PRBELLS The vital signs to take. (L) Stands for PRBELLS(L) LOC level of conciousness
PRBELLS The vital signs to take. 2nd(L) Stands for PRBELLS 2nd(L) Lung sounds
PRBELLS The vital signs to take. (S) Stands for PRBELLS(S)Skin Signs (Color, Appearance,Temperature)
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims (B) stands for BRIM CARB(B)Breathing
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims (R) stands for BRIM CARB(R)Response
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims (I) stands for BRIM CARB(I)Eyes
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims (M) stands for BRIM CARB(M)Motor or movement
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims (C) stands for BRIM CARB(C)Chest
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims (A) stands for BRIM CARB(A)Abdomen
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims 2nd(R) stands for BRIM CARB 2nd(R)Refill or capillary refill
BRIM CARB is used during the assessment of trauma victims 2nd(B) stands for BRIM CARB 2nd(B)Blood pressure
PMS is used to assess a patient's extremities. (P) stands for PMS(P) Pulse
PMS is used to assess a patient's extremities. (M) stands for PMS(M) movement
PMS is used to assess a patient's extremities. (S) stands for PMS(S) Sensation
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(A) stands for AEIOU TIPS(A)Alcohol
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(E) stands for (AEIOU TIPSE)Epilepsy
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(I) stands for AEIOU TIPS(I)Insulin
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(O) stands for AEIOU TIPS(O)Overdose
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(U) stands for AEIOU TIPS(U)Underdose
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(T) stands for AEIOU TIPS(T)Trauma
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).2nd(I) stands for AEIOU TIPS 2nd (I)Infection
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(P) stands for AEIOU TIPS(P)Psychosis
AEIOU TIPS is used to assess patients with an altered mental status (AMS) or an altered level of consciousness (ALOC).(S) stands for AEIOU TIPS(S)Stroke
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds(S) stands for START ARPM(S) Simple
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds(A) stands for START ARPM(T)Triage
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds(R) stands for START ARPM(A)and
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds (R) stands for START ARPM(R)Rapid
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds 2nd(T) stands for START ARPM 2nd(T)Transport
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds 2nd(A) stands for START ARPM(A)Ambulate. Ability to walk: Green
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds 2nd(R) stands for START ARPM(R)Respirations •Respirations are >30: Red •Respirations are shallow or inadequate and require positive pressure ventilation (PPV): Red •No respiratory effort and airway is open: Black •Respirations are <30: Move on to perfusion
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds(P) stands for START ARPM(P)Perfusion •Capillary refill is >2 seconds or no radial pulse: Red •Capillary refill is <2 seconds and a radial pulse is present: Move on to mental status
START is used to categorize a patient's priority status before moving them into the triage area. The initial assessment to categorize a patient by color is done by using ARPM and should not exceed 30 seconds(M) stands for START ARPM(M)Mental status •Obeys commands: Yellow •Does not obey commands or is unresponsive: Red
AVPU is used during the initial assessment when conducting patient assessments (A) stands for AVPU (A)Alert and oriented •The patient is alert and oriented to person, place, time and event. This is often abbreviated as A/Ox4.
AVPU is used during the initial assessment when conducting patient assessments (V) stands for AVPU (V)Verbal •The patient responds to verbal stimuli.
AVPU is used during the initial assessment when conducting patient assessments (P) stands for AVPU (P)Pain •The patient responds to painful stimuli with a purposeful or nonpurposeful movement.
AVPU is used during the initial assessment when conducting patient assessments (U) stands for AVPU (U)Unresponsive •The patient does not respond to any stimuli.
TRDP assessing abdominal trauma (T) stands for TRDP(T) Tenderness
TRDP assessing abdominal trauma (R) stands for TRDP(R) Rigidity
TRDP assessing abdominal trauma (D) stands for TRDP(D)Depression
TRDP assessing abdominal trauma (P) stands for TRDP(P) Pulsating Mass
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) assessment of patient's neurological state. Eye opening Opens eyes spontaneously 4 Opens eyes to voice or commands 3 Opens eyes to painful stimulus 2 Does not open eyes 1
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) assessment of patient's neurological state. Verbal Response A&O to person, place, time and event 5 Confused response and not alert and oriented to person, place, time and event 4 Inappropriate words that do not make sense 3 Incomprehensible words, garbled speech 2 No verbal response 1
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) assessment of patient's neurological state. Motor Response Obeys commands 6 Localizes painful stimulus 5 Withdraws from painful stimulus 4 Decorticate (flexion) response to painful stimulus 3 Decerebrate (extension) response to painful stimulus 2 Does not move 1
Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale FAST (F) stands for FAST (F)Facial Droop Activity Have the patient to smile and show their teeth. Findings Normal: The face is symmetrical on both sides. Abnormal: Facial droop to one side.
Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale FAST (A) stands for FAST (A)Arm Drift Activity Have patient to raise both arms up and hold them out with their eyes closed for up to 10 seconds. Findings Normal: Both arms move together and remain at the same level. Abnormal: One arm drifts lower than the other.
Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale FAST (S) stands for FAST (S)Slurred Speech Activity Have the patient to say the following: "You can't teach an old dog new tricks." Findings Normal: Speech is clear and correct words are used. Abnormal: Aphasia, speech is slurred or incorrect words are used.
Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale FAST (T) stands for FAST (T) Time Activity Ask patient or bystanders when signs of stroke occurred.
PENMAN can be used for incident size-up. P in PENMAN stands for P=Personal and personnel safety. "Will we need to use body substance isolation equipment (BSI) for this event and do we have these items immediately available?"
PENMAN can be used for incident size-up. E in PENMAN stands for E=Environmental hazards. An environmental hazard is anything that can reach out and hurt you.
PENMAN can be used for incident size-up. N in PENMAN stands for N=Number of victims. How many victims may require medical treatment and transportation so he/she can place an order for resources necessary to mitigate and terminate the patient component of the incident.
PENMAN can be used for incident size-up. M in PENMAN stands for M=Mechanism of injury What happened? How was the incident caused? Investigating how the victim(s) were injured or the circumstances leading to their illness will provide clues to the extent of the victims’ injuries or illness.
PENMAN can be used for incident size-up. A in PENMAN stands for A= Additional resources Ambulance,engines, trucks, and squads, supervisors, HAZMAT, and investigative personnel
PENMAN can be used for incident size-up. N in PENMAN stands for N=Need for outside agency Outside resources are Red Cross, Coroner, law enforcement, air transport, urban search and rescue, and/or a chaplain.
Created by: EMTRat