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Legal/Ethics for MH

Terms for Legal and Ethical Guidelines for Safe Practice of Mental Health Nursin

assault an intentional threat designed to make the an intentional threat designed to make the victim fearful; produces reasonable apprehension of harm.
battery the harmful of offensive touching of another person
bioethics study of specific ethical principles that arise in health care
civic rights the rights of personal liberty guaranteed under two U.S. constitutional amendments
competency capacity to understand consequences of one's decisions
conditional release a release from an inpatient psychiatric facility that is contingent upon outpatient treatment
confidentiality the ethical responsibility of a health care professional that prohibits the disclosure of privileged information without the patient's informed consent
duty to protect ethical and legal obligations of health care workers to protect patients from physically harming themselves or others
ethical dilemma a conflict between two or more courses of action, each carrying favorable and unfavorable consequences
ethics study of philosophical beliefs about what is considered right or wrong in a society
false imprisonment may be a misdemeanor or tort brought against health care workers who illegally hold people in confinement - confinement includes restraint within a limited area and restraint with an institution
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) rule requiring patient consent to disclose information obtained during care to anyone except those persons for whom it is necessary for implementation of the patient's treatment plan
implied consent form of consent that is not expressly given but implied from circumstances of a persons' particular situation or a person's actions, especially in serious or life-threatening situation
informed consent the informed exercise of choice that includes options available and the risks of each option
intentional torts willful acts that violates another person's right or property
involuntary admission admission to a psychiatric facility without a patient's consent typically if a danger to self or others or unable to meet basic needs
involuntary outpatient admission court mandates for medication and other treatments as a condition for remaining in the community; controversial
least restrictive alternative admission doctrine mandates that the least restrictive and least disruptive means be used to achieve a specific purpose
long-term involuntary admission used for extended care and treatment of those with mental illness, commitments are obtained through medical certification, judicial hearings, or administrative actions
malpractice act or omission to act thaqt breaches the duty off due care and results in or is responsible for a person's injury
negligence an act, or failure to act, that breaches the duty of due care and results in or is responsible for another person's injuries
right to privacy the legal expectation of privacy concerning the sharing of medical information
right to refuse treatment the right to reject forced treatment. The right takes into consideration the person's right for choice, or autonomy and beneficence, actions which benefit others.
right to treatment the right to expect appropriate and adequate treatment
temporary admission admitting patients with acute psychiatric symptoms on an emergency basis upon written order of a primary care provider for a limited amount of time
tort a civil wrong for which money damages may be obtained by the injured party from the wrongdoer
unconditional release termination of a patient-institutional relationship
unintentional torts unintended acts against another person that produce injury of harm
voluntary admission inpatient care sought by the patient through a written application to the facility
writ of habeas corpus a "formal written order" to "free the person"
Created by: cgar@tjc.edu