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Science

Science(Digestion and enzymes)

QuestionAnswer
What is digestion? The breakdown of food
List the digestive system Mouth, oesophagus,liver,stomach,pancreas,small intestine,large intestine,rectum and anus
What is the function of the mouth? To take in a digest food
What types of digestion take place in the mouth Physical and chemical
How does physical digestion occur? Food is broken down using mechanical methods(the teeth)
How does chemical digestion occur? Food is broken down using enzymes(Salivary amylase)
What is an enzyme? A protein that speeds up a reaction without being used up in the reaction
Give the word formula for moltose starch----amylase----moltose
Name the four types of teeth in an adult human mouth Incisors,canines,premolars and molars
What do incisors look like? and give their function They have sharp edges like a chisel and are used to cut,slice and nibble food
What do canines look like? and give their function They are long and pointed, they are used to grip and tear food
What do premolars look like? and give their function They are large and rounded,they are used for chewing crushing and grinding food
What do molars look like? and give their function They are larger teeth and are used for chewing crushing and grinding
The is the oesophagus? A foodpipe that forces food down to the stomach
What is the stomach? A muscular bag that traps food for a few hours. It churns and physically digests food
While in the stomach what chemical kills bacteria and softens food? Hydrochloric Acid
What is heartburn? When acids gets into the oseophagus and cause a stinging sensation
What is the small intestine? It produces many more enzymes which complete the breakdown of food
What happens to the digested food in the small intestine? It passes into the bloodstream
What is produced in the liver? Bile
What is bile? A liquid that passes from the liver into the small intestine
What is the function of bile? Help digest fat in the small intestine
What is the function of the pancreas? To produce a range of enzymes to digest food
What is the large intestine? Take water back into the bloodsteam, preventing diarrohoea
What happens if too much water is taken back? The waster becomes solid,a condition called constipation
Along with the role in the digestive system enzymes are also involved in speeding up reactions such as what? The growth of muscles,production of hair,formation of blood cells and breakdown of poisonous substances such as drugs and alcohol in the liver
What is a product? The substance produced as the result of the action of an enzyme
What is a substrate? The substance that an enzyme acts on
Out of these three terms name the enzyme,the substrate and the product Amylase.Starch.Maltose Amylase-Enzyme Substrate-Starch Product-Maltose
How do you investigate the action of amylase in starch? Part 1 Add starch into water to form a starch solution. Add equal amounts of starch solution to each of the two test tubes. Add amylase of saliva to one of the test tubes and label it A. Shake the test tube to mix the contents.
How do you investigate the action of amylase in starch? Part 2 Do not add amylase or saliva to test tube B, this acts as a control. Leave the test tubes in a water bath at 37 degrees. Add a few drops of the solution from each tube to a few drops of iodine solution on a dropping tile.
What is the result of he investigation of the action of amylase in starch? The contents in tube A stay red/yellow in the presence of iodine. This shows that there is no starch present. The contents in B turn blue-black. This shows that tube B still contains starch
Created by: Chimozukee