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Medical Terms

A & E Support 13/07 - Stack 113178

QuestionsAnswers
Abscess ? Localised formation of PUS in a TISSUE, ORGAN or confined space.
Abortion ? Discharge of the Foetus before it is capable of independant life.
Acidosis ? An Acid IMBALANCE in the Body : Respiratory Acidosis - Excess of Carbon Dioxide, Metabolic Acidosis - Excess of Lactic Acid.
Acute (of Disease) ? Severe, Rapidly Developing, or of sudden onset.
Adduction ? Movement towards the midline of the body.
Amnesia ? Loss of Memory.
Amputee ? A patient who has suffered the loss of one or more limbs.
Anaemia ? A Deficiency of Haemoglobin in the Blood.
Angina (Pectoris) ? Condition of Gripping Pain associated with Disease of the Arteries of the Heart.
Anoxia ? Absence of Oxygen.
Antenatal ? Before Birth.
Antepartum Haemorrhage ? Bleeding from the Vagina in late Pregnancy.
Anterior ? In Front of, further forward.
Antibody ? Substance produced in the body as a Defence against the presence of a specific foreign substance.
Antitoxin ? Substance capable of Neutralising a given Toxin.
Aphonia ? Loss of Voice.
Asphyxia ? Suffocation caused not only by Smothering, but by any condition that prevents Oxygen being taken up by the Blood.
Asthma ? Spasms of Difficult Breathing accompanied by a sence of Suffocation or Tightness of the Chest.
Asystole ? Cessation of Cardiac Activity evidenced by a straight line ECG.
Ausculation ? Techniques of Listening for & Interpreting Sounds that occur within the Body with a Stethoscope.
Autonomic Nervous System ? That part of the Nervous System which Regulates the Functions of the Internal Organs independently of the will power.
Bacterium (PL Bacteria) ? Type of Germ.
Benign ? Not tending to Grow Worse or Recur, Non-Malignant.
Bradycardia ? Abnormally Low Heart Rate Contractions & consequent slow Pulse below 60bpm. Absolute Bradycardia is less than 40bpm.
Breech Delivery ? A Birth where the Infant's Buttocks appear 1st insted of the head.
Bright's Disease ? A Disease of the Kidneys.
Bronchitis ? Inflammation of the Bronchial Tubes.
Callus ? A new Growth of Bony Tissue around a Fracture.
Cancer ? A Maliignant Growth.
Carcinoma ? Form of Cancer.
Cardiac ? Relating to the Heart.
Cardiovascular ? Relating to the Heart & Cirulatory System.
Central Nervous System ? The Brain & Spinal Cord.
Cerebral ? Relating to the Brain.
Cerebrovascular Accident ? Stroke.
Chemotherapy ? The Treatment of disease, usually Cancer,by drugs.
Cholecystectomy ? The Removal of the Gall Bladder.
Cholecystitis ? Inflammation of the Gall Bladder.
Chronic (of disease) ? Lasting a Long Time.
Circumduction ? Circular Movement of a Limb.
Collapse ? Severe Sudden Prostration; Sagging of an Organ of falling together of its walls.
Colles Fracture ? Of the Radius at the Wrist, typically produces a dinner fork defromity.
Colic ? Severe gripping Pain.
Colitis ? Inflammation of the Colon.
Coma ? Compleate Unconsciousness.
Congenital ? Present from Birth.
Contagious ? Communicated by bodily contact.
Contrecoup Haemorrhage ? Bleeding which occurs within the Skull on the Opposite side of the Skull.
Coronary Thrombosis ? Blockage of one of the Arteries which supply the Heart Muscle with blood.
Cortex ? The Outer Layer of an Organ.
Crackles ? Coarse or fine sounds heard through a Stethoscope which would signify Alveolar Malfunction.
Cranial ? Relating to the Skull.
Cyanosis ? Dusky Bluish Tinge to the Skin due to Lack of Oxygen.
Cyst ? A Hollow Swelling containing Fluid or soft material.
Cystitis ? Inflammation of the Urinary Bladder.
Death ? The state in which, in the opinion of a Doctor, life is extinct.
Debility ? Weakness.
Defibrillation ? Correction of Ventricular Fibrillation by Electric Shock.
Degenerative ? Involving Deterioration of a Tissue or Organ.
Dermatitis ? Inflammation of the Skin.
Dermatology ? The Study of the Skin & its Disease.
Diabetes Mellitus ? Disease caused by Insulin Deficiency.
Diarrhoea ? A Persistant Lossening of the Bowels.
Diastole ? The resting period between Heartbeats when Blood flows into the Heart.
Diptheria ? An Infectious Disease caused by a Bacillus attacking the Mucous Membrane of the Throat.
Discharge ? Substance leaving the body. An in-patient who is been sent home.
Disinfection ? Destruction of Germs.
Disinfestation ? Cleaning from Lice, Fleas, or other Parasites.
Dropsy ? Excess Fluid in the Tissues, especially the Legs.
Dysentery ? Inflammation of the Large Intestine resulting in frequent Bloodstained Motions.
Dysphagia ? Interference with the act of Swallowing.
Dyspnoea ? Difficult or Laboured Breathing.
Eclampsia ? Fits which may occur when patient is suffering from Toxaemia of Pregnancy.
Eczema ? An Irritating Eruption of the skin.
Electro-Cardiogram (ECG) ? A tracing of the Heart's Action made by recording its Electrical Activity.
Electro-Convulsive Treatment (ECT) ? Treatment of Mental Disorders by passing Electric Shocks through the Brain whilst the patient is Anaesthetised.
Electro-Encephalograph (EEG) ? A machine recording the Rhythmical Changes of the Electric Potential of the Brain caused by the Discharges of Energy by Nerve Cells.
Embolism ? Blockage of a Blood Vessel by a Blood Clot, an Air Bubble, Fat or a Foreign Body originating from elsewhere in the body.
Emphysema ? The Abnormal Presence of an Air in Tissues or Cavities in the body.
Encephhalitis ? Inflamation of the Brain.
Endemic ? Occuring Repeatedly in a Particular Place.
Endocarditis ? Inflammation of the Lining of the Heart.
Endocrine ? Secreating within. Applied to those Glands whose secreations (Hormones) flow directly into the Blood.
Enteritis ? Inflammation of the Bowels.
Entonox ? An Analggesic mixture of Nitrous Oxide & Oxygen to give relief to patients in Severe Pain.
Epidemic ? An Infectious Disease which Attacks a large number of people in a locality at the same time.
Epilepsy ? Convulsive Fits caused by a Disorder of the Brain.
Epistaxis ? Nose Bleed.
Eversion ? Turning Outwards.
Excreta ? The natural Discharges from the body: Feaces, Urine & Sweat.
Exhalation ? The act of breathing out.
Extension ? A pull applied to a fracture, dislocated or contracted limb to keep it straight.
External ? Outer.
Exudate ? Accumulation of Fluid in body Tissue or Cavities.
Faeces ? The discharge from the bowels.
Fever ? A rise in body Temperature.
Fibrillation ? Uncoordinated Contraction of Muscle Fibres in the Heart.
Fistula ? Abnormal passage from one Internal Cavity to another or to the Surface.
Flowmeter ? Gauge attached to the outlet of a gas cylinder to indicate the rate of flow of the gas in litres per minute.
Foetus ? An unbord child, after the end of the third month of pregnancy.
Fomites ? Articles (eg clothing, bedding, books,etc) which have been used by a patient suffering from Contagious Disease & are capable of Transmitting it.
Gangrene ? Death of Tissues due to failure of its Blood Supply.
Gas Gangrene ? Gangrene associated with Infection by an Aerobic Gas producing Germ.
Gastric ? Relating to the Stomach.
Gastro-Enteritis ? Inflammation of the Stomach & Intestines.
Glandular Fever ? An Infectious Disease charicterised by Fever & the Enlargement & Tenderness of the Lymphatic Glands.
Glaucoma ? Disease of the Eye.
Glyceril Trinitrate ? A Substance given to Increase the Coronary Blood flow by causing Coronary Artery Vasodilation.
Haematemesis ? Vomiting Blood from the Stomach.
Haematology ? The Study of Blood & Diseases of the Blood.
Haematoma ? A Swelling filled with Blood: a Bruise.
Haematuria ? Blood in the Urine.
Haemodialysis ? Blood Filtering by use of Kidney machine.
Haemophillia ? An Inherited Disease in which the Blood lacks the power to Clot.
Haemoptysis ? Coughing up Blood.
Haemorrhage ? Bleeding.
Haemothorax ? Bleeding in the Chest Cavity.
Hemiplegia ? Paralysis of one side of the body.
Hepatic ? Relating to the Liver.
Hepatitis ? Inflammation of the Liver.
Hereditary ? Transmitted from on's Forebears.
Hernia ? Rupture.
Herpes Zoster ? Shingles.
Hodgkin's Disease ? Malignant Disease of Lymphoid Tissue.
Hydrocephalus ? Enlargement of the Ventricles of the Brain.
Hygiene ? The Science of Preserving Health.
Hyperemesis ? Excessive Vomiting.
Hyperglycaemia ? Excessive Sugar in the Blood - a feature of Diabetes Mellitus.
Hyperpyrexia ? Excessiely High Body Temperature (over 40'C)
Hypoglycaemia ? Low Blood Sugar.
Hypothermia ? Excessively Low Body Temperature (below 35'C)
Hysterectomy ? Surgical removal of the Womb.
Ilness ? Any condition, Mental or Physical, requiring treatment or nursing.
Immunisation ? Introduction of a Substance into the Body in order to Prodeuce Immunity.
Immunity ? The Ability of the Body to Resist Infection by a Specific Disease.
Impetigo ? Acute Contagious Sptty Inflammation of the Skin.
Incontinent ? Unable to control the passage of faeces or urine or both.
Infarct ? An area of Dead Tissue in an Organ, caused by Obstruction of an Artery.
Infectious Disease ? A Disease which can be Passed from person to person, directly or indirectly.
Inferior ? Lower.
Infusion ? The introduction of Fluid (eg Blood, Saline solution, Dextrose) into the Body Intravenously.
Ingestion ? The process of taking food into the body through the mouth.
Inhalation ? The act of breathing in.
Inoculation ? Immunisation.
Insulin ? Endocrine Secretion of the Pancreas which regulates Sugar Mtabolism.
Intubation ? The Introduction of a Tube through the Larynx into the Trachea to maintain a clear, protected Airway.
Ischaemia ? Deficiency of Blood in a part of the body.
Isolation ? Separation from the other people of a person suffering from infectious disease.
Jaundice ? Yellow Discolouration of the Skin. Disease causing this Discolouration.
Laryngectomy ? A person who has had total or partial surgical Removal of the Larynx.
Larynx ? Voice Box.
Lateral ? Relating to the side;away from the Midline.
Lesion ? An Injury, Wound or structural change in an Organ.
Leukaemia ? A Disease of the Blood charicterised by an Increase of White Blood Cells.
Lumbage ? Pain in the small of the Back.
Lumbar ? Pertaing to the Loins.
Malignant ? Reccurrent or Incurable & tending to become increasingly severe.
Medial ? Near the Midline.
Median ? On the Midline.
Meninges ? The Three Membranes covering the Brain & Spinal Cord.
Meningitis ? Inflammation ot the Meninges.
Metabolisim ? The process of Transfoming Foodstuffs & Oxygen into Body Tissue, Energy & Waste Products.
Miscarriage ? Abortion; the Expulsion of the Foetus before the 28th week of Pregnancy.
Monoplegia ? Paralysis of One Limb.
Mucus Extractor ? An Instument for Withdrawing Mucus from the Air Passages, usually in newborn babies.
Multiple Sclerosis ? Disseminated Sclerosis.
Narcosis ? A state of Unconsciousness produced by a Narcotic Drug.
Neoplasm ? An Abnrmal Formation of New Tissue.
Nephritis ? Inflammation of the Kidney.
Nephroma ? Kidney Tumour.
Neurology ? The Study of Diseases of the Nervous System.
Neurosurgery ? Surgery of the Nervous System.
Nitrous Oxide (N2O) ? Laughing gas; Analgesic Compound known better as Entonox.
Oesophagus ? The Gullet.
Ophthalmic ? Relating to the Eye.
Orthopaedic ? Relating to the Prevention & Treatment of Bone illnesses.
Osteology ? The Study of Bones.
Osteomyelitis ? Inflammation of Bone & Marrow.
Paraplegia ? Paralysis of the Lower Limbs.
Paratyphoid ? An Infectious Disease resembling Typhoid Fever.
Pathogenic ? Causing Disease.
Pathology ? The Study of Diseases. The Examination of Tissues & Body products for evidence of Disease.
Peripheral ? On the Outside or Outer Edges.
Peritonitis ? Inflammation of the Lining of the Abdominal Cavity.
Phlebitis ? Inflammation of a Vein which tends to the Formation of a Blood Clot.
Placenta ? Afterbirth.
Pleurisy ? Inflammation of the Covering of the Lungs.
Pneumonia ? Inflammation of the Lungs.
Poliomyelitis ? Infectious Disease affecting Central Nervous System, sometimes producing Paralysis.
Post-Natal ? After the Birth.
Post-Partum ? After Childbirth.
Posterior ? Behind.
Prone ? Lying with the Face Downward.
Psychosomatic ? Pertaining to the Interaction.
Pulmonary ? Relating to the Lungs.
Pyelitis ? Inflammation of the Cavity of the Kidney.
Pyrexia ? Body Temperature Higher than normal.
Quadriplegia ? Paralysis of all Four Limbs.
Quinsy ? An Abscess on the Tonsil.
Rales ? Abnormal Breath Sounds that usually signal the presence of Fluid in the Lower Airways.
Recumbent ? Lying Down.
Renal ? Relating to the Kidney.
Repiratory System ? The Organs of Breathing.
Retention (of Urine) ? Inability to pass Urine.
Rhonchi ? Rattling Respiratory Sounds Usually caused by Secreations in the Bronchial Tubes.
Ringworm ? Contagious Skin Disease charicterised by Circular Pink Patches.
Rubella ? German Measles.
Rupture ? Escape of all or part of an Internal Organ through or between the structures whish contain it (eg protrusion of the Bowels through a small gap in the Abdominal Wall)
Scabies ? A Contagious Itching Skin Disease caused by a Mite.
Scarletina ? Scarlet Fever.
Sedation ? Reduction of Anxiety by the use of Drugs.
Semi-Recumbent ? In half Sitting Position.
Sepsis ? Describes the condition of Infection of the Body by Pus-Forming Bacteria.
Shingles ? Disease in which Small, Painful Blisters are distributed on the Skin along the area of Disturbance of a Nerve due to Infection by Herpes Zoster Virus.
Sinus ? a Cavity connecting with the Outside of the Body.
Spondylitis ? Inflammation of the Spine.
Spondylosis ? Condition in which Spinal Bones Lock.
Sputum ? Phlegm.
Stoma ? An Artificially created Opening, such as that made by Tracheostomy.
Systole ? The Contraction of the Heart, associated with Ejection of Blood.
Tachycardia ? Abnormally Rapid Heart action resulting in Rapid Pulse.
Tachypnoea ? Rapid Respirations.
Tetraplegia ? Paralysis of all Four Limbs.
Therapy ? Healing or Treatment.
Thrombosis ? The Formation of a Thrombus.
Thrombus ? A Stationary Blood Clot.
Toxaemia ? Poisoning of the Blood by the Absorption of Toxins.
Toxic ? Poisonous.
Toxoid ? A Toxin that has been Deprived of some of its Harmful properties, but which remains capable pf producing Immunity.
Trauma ? A wound or Injury.
Triage ? Sorting of Casualties according to Priority.
Tuberculosis ? Infectious Disease produced by the Tubercle Bacillus.
Tumour ? Swelling.
Uraemia ? Abnormal Accumulation in the bloo of Urea which is normally Excreted in the Urine.
Urea ? The Nitrogenous Waste product of Protein Metabolism.
Uterus ? The Womb.
Ventricular Fibrillation ? An Uncoordinated Tremor of the Ventricules resulting in Ineffective Contractions & Cardiac Arrest.
Virus ? A Germ smaller than Bacterium.
Viscera ? The Internal Organs
Wheeze ? High Pitched Whistling sound charicterising Obstruction or Spasm of the Lower Airways.
Created by: Paul Wakefield