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Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology Chapter 1

-al pertaining to
-gram record
oste/o bone
-y process, condition
gnos/o knowledge
ped/o child
sect/o to cut
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
-logy process of study
aut-/auto- self, own
trans- across, through
epi- above, upon
-tomy process of cutting
onc/o tumor
sarc/o flesh
opthalm/o eye
-scope instrument to visually examine
dia- complete, through
retro- behind
in- in, into
a-, an- no, not without
-opsy process of viewing
pro- before, forward
-sis state of, condition
arthr/o joint
-genic pertaining to, producing
sub- below, under
-ac, -iac pertaining to
cis/o to cut
end-,endo- within
crin/o to secrete (to let out)
cyst/o a sac (urinary bladder)
glyc/o sugar
radi/o x-rays
-ic, -ical pertaining to
ren/o kidney
-ion process
re- back, backward, again
enter/o intestines
erythr/o red
neur/o nerve
iatr/o treatment/physician
vas/o vessel
coron/o heart
steth/o chest
ven/o vein
ven/i vein
phleb/o vein
ather/o yellowish plaque, fatty substance
angi/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
atri/o atrium (upper heart chamber)
brachi/o arm
pericardi/o pericardium
aort/o aorta
ventricul/o ventricle (lower heart chamber)
-sphyxia pulse
pneum/o, pneumon/o air, lung
-pnea breathing
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
-osmia smell
lob/o lobe of the lung
-ema condition
phon/o voice
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
phren/o diaphragm
spir/o breathing
bronchiol/o bronchiole, small bronchus
orth/o straight, upright
-thorax pleural cavity, chest
sinus/o sinus, cavity
alveol/o alveolus, air sac
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus
adenoid/o adenoids
mediastin/o mediastinum
epiglott/o epiglottis
pleur/o pleura
-ptosis drooping; sagging
-lysis destruction, breakdown, separation
-tresia opening
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles
-stenosis tightening, stricture, narrowing
-emesis vomitting
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-ectasis, -ectasia stretching, dilation
-phagia eating, swallowing
-pepsia digestion
-rrhage, -rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
-penia deficiency (lack of)
-cytosis abnormal condition of the cell
kary/o nucleus
is/o same, equal
hem/o, hemat/o blood
-philia attraction for (an increase in cell numbers)
myel/o bone marrow
sider/o iron
-lytic pertaining to destruction
-blast immature cell, embryonic
-apheresis removal, a carrying away
granul/o granules
eosin/o red, dawn, rosy
coagul/o clotting
-poiesis formation
poilkil/o varied, irregular
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-oid derived from
Created by: vz209405