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NU115-Older Adult

Older Adult Lecture

QuestionAnswer
Responses to Ageism Acceptance, denial, avoidance, reform
Aging Process Normal process that implies continued growth, development and adaptation until death; chronologic age, physiologic age, functional age
Primary goals of nursing care Primary goal is to keep older adults at an optimal level of functioning, promote wellness, identify and resolve feelings r/t aging, adopt/develop a philosophy of aging that reinforces a growth-oriented view of aging
Two theory types related to aging Biologic & Psychosocial Theories
Biologic Theories Attempt to explain why the physical changes of aging occur; concerned with physiologic changes; molecular changes in organ systems Ex: Genetic, Wear & Tear, Environmental, Immunity, Neuroendocrine theories
Psychosocial Theories Do not explain why the physical changes of aging occur but attempt to explain why older adults have different responses to the aging process Ex: Disengagement, Activity, Continuity, Personality, Developmental theories
Genetic Theory Influenced by gene formation & impact of environment; life and longevity are predetermined; DNA molecules become cross-linked
Wear & Tear Theory Cells simply wear out; body loses function when the parts wear out
Free Radical Theory Free radicals accumulate and cause damage to DNA; basis for antioxidant use
Environmental Theory Environmental factors bring about or accelerate aging; a secondary factor
Immunity Theory Aging results from changes in immune function; weakening of immune system increases susceptibility to disease
Neuroendocrine Theory Aging results from decrease in certain hormones that impact the nervous system
Disengagement Theory Society & elderly withdraw from each other; mutually beneficial; allows young people to take their place in society
Activity Theory Aging results from decreased activity; social integration is important; activity maintains function
Continuity Theory Personality traits remain unchanged; emphasizes coping abilities and personality
Personality Theory Addresses psychological growth; personality characteristics correlate with early life characteristics
Developmental Theory Describes aging in terms of developmental tasks; integrity vs despair
Created by: nglidden