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Medical Abv

Period 1 and 2

QuestionAnswer
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - behavioral and learning disorders
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome - disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
ADL Activities of Daily Living
AP Anteroposterior - Relating to or directed toward both front and back
BP Blood Pressure - The pressure of the blood in the circulatory system, often measured for diagnosis since it is closely related to the force and rate of the heartbeat and the diameter and elasticity of the arterial walls
BPM Beats per Minute
BSE Breast Self Examination - a screening method used in an attempt to detect early breast cancer
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen - A waste product in the blood from the breakdown of protein
Bx Biopsy - An examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease
CA Cancer - The disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft - A surgical replacement for clogged blood vessels located near the heart.
CAD Coronary Artery Disease - a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls, thus narrowing the arteries
CBC Complete Blood count - counting the number of white and red blood cells and the number of platelets
CHF Congestive Heart Failure - A weakness of the heart that leads to a buildup of fluid in the lungs and surrounding body tissues
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis
CNS Central Nervous System - The complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the body. In vertebrates it comprises the brain and spinal cord
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure - air or oxygen delivered under a small amount of pressure
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation - Emergency medical procedures for restoring normal heartbeat and breathing to victims of heart failure, drowning
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid - Clear watery fluid that fills the space between the arachnid membrane and the pia mater
CT Computed Tomography - Special radiographic technique that uses a computer to combine multiple x–ray images into a two dimensional cross–sectional image
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident - stroke: a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
CXR Chest x-ray
D&C Dilation and curettage - a minor operation in which the cervix is dilated (expanded) so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a curette
Diff Differential White Blood Cell Count
DRE Digital Rectal Examination - an internal examination of the rectum such as by a physician or other healthcare professional.
DVT Deep Vein Thrombosis - the formation of a blood clot ("thrombus") in a deep vein
ECG/EKG Electrocardiogram - A record or display of a person's heartbeat produced by electrocardiography
EEG Electroencephalography - The measurement of electrical activity in different parts of the brain and the recording of such activity as a visual trace
EGD Esophagogastroduodenoscopy - a test using an endoscope to look at the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine. Tissue samples can also be taken to test for diseases.
EGO Esophagogastroduodenoscopy - a test using an endoscope to look at the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine. Tissue samples can also be taken to test for diseases.
ENT Ear, nose, and throat
ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate - the rate at which red blood cells settle out in a tube of blood under standardized conditions; a high rate usually indicates the presence of inflammation
Fx Fracture - The cracking or breaking of a hard object or material
GB Gallbladder - The small sac-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile is stored after secretion by the liver and before release into the intestine
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disorder - chronic symptoms or mucosal damage produced by the abnormal reflux of stomach acid to the esophagus
GI Gastrointestinal - food poisoning: illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus - the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
HPV Human Papolloma Virus - any of a group of papovaviruses associated with genital or oral carcinomas or a group associated with benign genital tumors.
Hx History
IBS Irrital Bowel Syndrome - A widespread condition involving recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea or constipation, often associated with stress, depression, anxiety, or previous intestinal infection
ICP Intracranial pressure - pressure inside the skull and thus in the brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
IQ Intelligence quotient - a measure of a person's intelligence as indicated by an intelligence test
IUD Intrauterine device - contraceptive device consisting of a piece of bent plastic or metal that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus
LLQ Left lower quadrant
LMP Last menstrual period
LUQ Left upper quadrant
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging - the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
MS Multiple Sclerosis - a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
NPO Nothing by mouth
NSAID Nonsteriodal antinflammatory drug - an anti-inflammatory drug that does not contain steroids
OA Osteoarthritis - chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints
OCD Obsessive compulsive disorder - an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent and persistent thoughts and feelings and repetitive, ritualized behaviors
OM Otitis media - inflammation of the middle ear
OTC Over the counter (drug)
Created by: dustinpatton18