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Digestive System

What do you call the body's control of its internal environment? homeostasis
Where are nutrients from food absorbed? small intestines
Which muscular tube leads from the mouth to the stomach? esophagus
Which digestive organ removes nutrients and takes the water out of food? intestines
What is the fluid in the mouth that helps digest food? saliva
What is another word for glucose? sugar
Saturated and unsaturated are the 2 types of what? fats
Which type of fat is usually a solid at room temperature and can raise cholesterol? saturated
Where can fat and cholesterol from your diet build up in your body? blood vessels
Where does chemical digestion begin? mouth
Which type of digestion is where the food is broken down into smaller pieces? mechanical
Saliva breaking down food is an example of which type of digestion? chemical
After food leaves the pharynx where does it go? esophagus
What do you call the first part of the small intestines? duodenum
Which organ is located next to the intestines and has no function? appendix
What do you call the flap of tissue that closes over the windpipe? epiglottis
What does the trachea carry? air
What does the esophagus carry? food
What do you call the muscular contractions that push food downward? peristalsis
What do you call muscles that you cannot control? involuntary
Where is hydrochloric acid produced? stomach
What is the esophagus and stomach lined with to make food travel through easier? mucus
What is the largest, heaviest organ in the body? liver
What does the liver produce? bile
Where is bile stored in the body? gall bladder
What chemical in the body helps break down fats and is produced by the liver? bile
What is the triangular organ found behind the stomach that produces insulin? pancreas
Where are villi found? small intestine
Where does the most digestion take place? small intestine
Which digestive organ contains helpful bacteria that helps digest food? large intestine
Created by: kristie mabry