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EAS-Unit 6

for da final homie

QuestionAnswer
The philosopher H.P. Grice formulated the Cooperative Principle, which he believes underlies language use, according to which we are enjoined to make sure that what we say in conversation furthers the __________ of the conversation. purpose
According to the reading, what rule of conversation does the following letter of recommendation VIOLATE? Dear Colleague: Mr. John Jance has asked me to write a letter on his behalf. Mr. Jance is very polite, neatly dressed, and on time Maxim of Quantity
Sandy: We need someone to make some sort of salad for the picnic. Tom: I can make my family's favorite fruit salad. Maxim of Quality - do not sat what you believe to be false; do not say that for which you lack adequate evidence.
The Gricean Maxims (Rules of Conversation) were never proposed officially, they just emerged naturally. We do not learn them in a formal way, but simply through participating in social interactions. True
This study concluded that while many foreigners would not have realized Mrs. A was complaining, typically a Japanese person would look behind the polite facade of words to discover the message in what was politely left unsaid. True
Sometimes a special situation is used as an excuse to make a complaint more tactful. (For example: My children are sleeping and I do not want the noise to wake them or My husband is ill so could you finish playing a little earlier?) To save the other person's face by implying she is not at fault because she had no way to know about the special circumstances.
Some respondents stated that they would prefer Mrs. A be more direct, indicating they think it is possible to be both polite and direct; however, Japanese, tend to identify directness with rudeness. True
In the reading, the authors note that many foreigners would NOT have realized Mrs. A was complaining, some even felt she was complimenting the daughter's piano skills. Japanese, however, would normally understand this to be an indirect complaint. Why? Japanese would normally look behind the polite facade of words to discover the message in what was politely left unsaid - simply stating that the child was playing late at night would imply a complaint.
Which of the following is NOT one of the Gricean maxims that regulates compliance with the Cooperative Principle? Maxim of Order
The Maxim of Relation/Relevance is sometimes called the _______maxim (one word) because it is central to the orderliness of conversation - it limits random topic shifts. Supermaxim
Which of the following is NOT part of the Maxim of Manner? Make your contribution as informative as required.
Researchers asked people from various countries about this communication act. What seems to be the main difference in responses to the indirect complaint between Japanese respondents and European respondents? Very few Japanese respondents felt an emotional rejection of the indirent complaint.
This reading, titled "Indirect Complaint" is about Mrs. A and Mrs. B. What is the relationship between these two people? They are neighbors.
One finding of the study indicates that the idea of "tact" in the foreign sense seems to be quite similar to the idea of "indirectness" in Japanese culture. False
This maxim involves recognizing the other as a social being in his or her specific social status or role and definition of the social relations between two people, thus helping to establish social bonds and control social distance. address maxim
This maxim absorbs the notions of respectfulness and modesty. To elevate one's self is construed as "arrogant," "boasting," or "conceited." self-denigration maxim
Which of the following is NOT a principle of politeness phenomena in Modern Chinese? Sympathy Maxim
Minimizing cost to the self and maximizing benefit to the other is called the ____________ maxim. Generosity
Minimizing cost to the other, and maximizing benefit received is called the ________ maxim. Tact
Which of the following is NOT one of the four notions underlying the Chinese conception of "limao" or politeness? propriety
The Chinese word for the English word "politeness" is roughly "limao," derived from the Confucian concept of "li," which does not mean politeness but social hierarchy. True
In Japanese culture, there is an assumption that people should be able to satisfy others’ needs and wants without being explicitly told. True
It's safer to say "thank you" than to apologize in Japanese culture. False
Which of the following is NOT an important aspect of a Japanese apology? apologizing in a variety of different ways
In Japanese culture, apology is often denied rather than __________ . accepted
Which of the following is considered the primary backchanneling function in Japanese, according to the author? To indicate the listener understands the content and to act as moral support for the speaker
This article "Japanese -US Intercultural Communication" is mainly about observable differences that exist between Japanese and American communication styles; particularly the frequency of back channels. True
Japanese listening to English continue to behave AS IF listening to Japanese, in terms of conversation management. True
Which of the following is considered the primary function of backchanneling in English, according to the author? To signal to the speaker to continue talking - the "continuer function"
The author argues the primary importance of back channels in Japanese is the continuer function (a signal sent by the listener to the speaker to continue talking). False
It is common for the Japanese offender to _________ the damage he has caused to the offended. point out the consequences of
In Japanese culture, apologizing does not necessarily mean that you __________. feel responsible
The author's data in the article "Japan-US Intercultural Communication" is based upon conversations recorded at Rutgers University in 1987 involving which of the following? American and Japanese college students
According to the chart on page 212 of the reading, which of the groups below has the longest average number of seconds between back channels? American males
Which of the following is considered the primary backchanneling function in Japanese, according to the author? To indicate the listener understands the content and to act as moral support for the speaker
The author argues the primary importance of back channels in Japanese is the continuer function (a signal sent by the listener to the speaker to continue talking). False
The type of problem the author examines in this reading has to do with which of the following aspects of second language acquisition? the use of discourse management strategies
In the initial clash between the tutor and the student, the student asks the tutor if he knows how to score bowling, and he responds, "yeah, approximately." Why did the tutor downplay his knowledge of bowling, according to the reading? Because it would be considered rude to directly claim to be "an expert" at something in Korean culture.
The author argues the initial assessment of the other's role and status made by the English speaking student and the Korean speaking tutor were different, and thus led to their miscommunication. True
This paper examines the sources of miscommunication between a native Japanese speaking tutor and a native English speaking student. False
In the initial clash between the tutor and the student, the student asks the tutor if he knows how to score bowling, and he responds, "Yeah, approximately." How does the student interpret this response according to the reading? That the tutor, being a non-native English speaker, may not be familiar with the rules for scoring bowling, and therefore may not be able to help her with her programming assignment.
Created by: itsashers