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Oral Antibiotics

Pharm 1152

QuestionAnswer
Normal bodily defenses against microorganisms Intact skin, ciliated respiratory mucosa, physiologic response, phagocytic cells
Gram positive cells- stain color and cell walls stain purple, very thich cell wall (peptidoglycan) and outer capsule
Gram Negative cells-stain color,cells walls stain red, cell wall is more complex, small outer capsule and cell wall, 2 cell membrane
Which gram is more difficult to treat? Gram Negative (due to complexity of composition)
Colonization presence of bacteria without overt signs of infection; does not require antibiotics
Community Associated Infection Acquired by someone who has not beein or treated by a healthcare facility recently
Health Care Associated Infection Acquired while receiving treatment for another condition
Why is health-care associated infection more difficult to treat? due to exposure to strong antibiotics in the past
What is the most common HDR pathogen? MRSA
What is the most commonly contracted health-care associated infection? UTI
Empiric Antibiotics Antibiotic chosen that best kills the organism thought to be the most common cause of the infection
Definitive Antibiotic Cultures obtained prior to antibiotics, then antibiotic therapy is adjusted based on sensitivity reports (best narrow spectrum,least toxic)
Prophylactic Antibiotic Antibiotic given 30mins prior to the start of surgery or procedure
Subtherapeutic When signs and symptoms do not improve
Created by: aponton5
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