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nutrition p&perry

nutrition

QuestionAnswer
1 gram of CHO yields how many calories 4 calories
CHO should be ____% of daily calories 50-60%
CHO servers as a source of____ for cells fuel
soluble fibers delay gastric & intestinal emptying, dec. cholesterol concentrations
insoluble fibers prevent what? constipation
insoluble fibers speed transit through the intestine & inc. fecal weight
CHO food sources bread, cereal, grain, pasta, fruit, vegetables
soluble fiber food sources fruit, oats, barley, legumes
insoluble fiber food sources covering of seeds
what medical diagnosis is ketoacidosis often seen in? diabetes mellitus
CHO deficiencies starvation, ketoacidosis, dehydration
lack of dietary fiber may play a role in... appendicitis colon cancer, heart disease, diabetes, constipation, hemorrhoids, diarrhea
1 gram of protein yields how many calories 4 calories
% of daily requirement for protein 10%
protein is essential for... cell growth and repair
important food sources for protein Animal: milk, meat, poultry, fish, eggs, cheese, yogurt Plant: dried beans, nuts, grains, dark green vegetables
factors that inc. risk of protein deficiency dec. intake, severe/prolonged bleeding, infections, starvation, burns, fracture, surgery
Kwashiorkor acute protein deficiency that occurs as result of boys inability to adapt starvation because of superimposed stress
1 gram of fat yields how many calories 9 calories
fat should be <___% of total calories <30%
important function of lipids/fats source of energy deposited in cells and stored in adipose tissue
Created by: kamia2010