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MrsC Med Term Urinar

MrsC Med Term Urinary Chap 7

QuestionAnswer
Cali/o, calic/o calix
cyst/o urinary bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus
nephr/o kidney
albumin/o albumin a protein in the blood
pyel/o renal pelvis
hydr/o water
vesic/o urinary bladder
py/o pus
dips/o thirst
lith/o stone
kal/o potassium
ket/o, ketan/o ketone bodies
azot/o nitrogen
ren/o kidney
olig/o scanty
natr/o sodium
noct/o night
trigon/o trigone region of the bladder
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urine (urea)
-tripsy crushing
-stenosis narrowing
-poietin substance that forms
-uria urination; urine condition
Caliectasis Dilation of a calyx.
Caliceal Pertaining to a calyx.
Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Cystectomy Removal of the urinary bladder.
Cystostomy New opening of the bladder to the outside of the body.
glomerular capsule Pertaining to the capsule surrounding each glomerulus; Bowman capsule.
meatal stenosis Narrowing of the meatus (opening of the urethra to the outside of the body).
Paranephric Pertaining to near the kidney.
Nephropathy Disease of the kidney.
nephroptosis Downward displacement of a kidney.
Nephrolithotomy Incision to remove a kidney stone.
Hydronephrosis Condition of excess fluid (water) in the kidney.
Nephrostomy New opening of the kidney to the outside of the body.
Pyelolithotomy Incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone.
renal ischemia Holding back of blood flow to the kidney.
renal colic Kidney pain resulting from a stone in the ureter or kidney.
Trigonitis Inflammation of the trigone (area in the bladder).
Ureteroplasty Surgical repair of a ureter.
Ureteroileostomy New opening between a ureter and the ileum (for removal of urine after cystectomy).
Urethritis Inflammation of the urethra.
Urethroplasty Surgical repair of the urethra.
urethral stricture Narrowing of the urethra.
Intravesical Pertaining to within the bladder.
vesicoureteral reflux Backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureters.
Albuminuria Protein in the urine.
Azotemia Nitrogen (increased amounts of nitrogenous waste) in the blood.
Bacteriuria Bacteria in the urine.
Polydipsia Condition of increased thirst.
Hyperkalemia High levels of potassium in the blood.
Ketosis Abnormal condition of ketones in the blood and body tissues.
Ketonuria Ketone bodies (acids and acetone) in the urine.
Nephrolithiasis Abnormal condition of kidney stones.
Hyponatremia Low levels of sodium in the blood.
Nocturia Excessive urination at night.
Oliguria Scanty urination.
Erythropoietin Hormone secreted by the kidney to increase red blood cell formation in the bone marrow.
Pyuria Pus in the urine.
Lithotripsy Process of crushing a stone in the urinary tract.
Uremia Urea (urine) in the blood; a potentially fatal condition.
Enuresis Bedwetting (literally, “in urine”).
Diuresis Condition of complete (excessive) urination.
Created by: cudawn