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NUR 102

Vocabulary for Final ( Basic Nursing 7th Edition) Fall 2012

QuestionAnswer
A person's definition and interpretation of symptoms anduse of the health care system Illness behavior
A belief that patients have the authority to be active participants in determining their health and well-being Holistic behavior
Longer than 6 months' duration Chronic illness
A subjective concept of physical appearance Body image
Developmental stage, intellectual background, emotional and spiritual factors Internal variables
Short term and severe Acute illness
Addresses the relationship between a person's beliefs and behaviors Health belief model
Nationwide health insurance program that provides benefits to individuals older than 65 years of age Medicare
Intergration of best knowledge, clinical expertise, and patient values Evidence-based
Fixed amount of payment for services per enrollee Capitation
Short-term relief for persons providing care to ill, disabled Respite care
Income eligibility for covers below the federal poverty level Medicaid
Patient responses directly related to nursing care Nursing-sensitive outcomes
Administrative control over primary health care services practice for a defined patient population Managed care
Worldwide in scope Globalization
Multidisciplinary treatment plan that patients need for aspecific condition Critical pathway
A program to recognize health care organization that achieve excellence in nursing practice Magnet status
Completed when anything unusual happens that could potentially cause harm to a patient, visitor, or employee Incident report
Any willful attempt or treat to harm another person Assault
A civil wrong or injury for which remedy is in the form of money damages Tort
A crime of a serious nature that usually carries a penalty of imprisonment Felony
Limitation of liability for health care professionals offering assistance at the scene of an acsident Good Samaritan law
Conduct that falls below the standard of care Negligence
Any intentional touching of another person's body without consent Battery
A form of contemporary laws created by elected legislative bodies Statutory law
Documents instructing physicians to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining procedures Living wills
A form of contemporary law created by judicial decision in court when cases are decided Common law
Process of recalling an event to determine its meaning and purpose Reflection
Series of clinical judgments that result in informal or formal diagnoses Diagnostic reasoning
End point of critical thinking that leads to problem resolution Decision making
Inner sensing that something is so Intuition
Process that moves from observable facts from an experience to a reasonable explanation of those facts Scientific method
unintended effect of a medication, diagnostic test, or intervention Adverse reaction
Observations or measurements made by the nurse during assessment Objective data
Comparing data with another source to determine accuracy and relevancy Validation
Multidisciplinary, outcome-based care plan Critical pathway
Clinical judgement about patient responses to health prolems or life processes Nursing diagnosis
Information obtained through the senses Cue
Activities performed in the course of a normal day ADLs
Support for why a specific nursing action is chosen Scientific rationale
Interpretation of cues Inference
Information verbally provided by the patient Subjective data
An oral or written exchange of information between health care providers Report
Information about patients rovided only to appropriate personnel Confidentiality
Permanent written communication with patient's health care management Record
Structured method of documentation with emphasis on the patient's problems POMR
Documentation that requires staff to identify intervntions and allows patients to be compared with one another Acuity recording
Person who initiates interpersonal communication Sender
Information sent or expressed by the sender Message
Means of conveying messages Channels
Person to whom the message is sent Receiver
Indicates whether the meaning of the sender's message was received Feedback
Motivates one person to communicate with another Referent
Shades or interpretations of a word's meaning rather than different definitions Connotations
Tone of the speaker's voice that may affect a message's meaning Intonation
A message within a message that conveys a sender's attitude toward the self and toward the listender Metacommunication
Development of a working, functional relationship by the nurse with the patient, fulfilling the purposes of the nursing process Therapeutic communication
Arise from microorganisms outside the patient Exogenous infection
Cellular response to injury or infection Inflammation
Microorganisms that cause another infection because they are resistant to antibiotics Suprainfection
Infection that developed that was not present at the time of patient admission Health care-associated infection
Methods to reduce or eliminate disease-producing microorganisms Aseptic technique
Microorganisms that do not cause disease but help to maintain health Flora
Process that eliminates all forms of microbial life Sterilization
Disease-producing microorganism Pathogen
Substance formed through the inflammatory process that may ooze from openings in the skin or mucous membranes Exudate
Microorganism that grows but does not cause disease Colonization
Ability of microoganisms to produce diease Virulence
Being more than normally vulnerable to a disease Susceptibility
Alteration of a patient's flora with a resulting overgrowth Endogenous infection
Decrease of systolic and diastolic pressures below normal Hypotension
Another word for fever Febrile
Rate and depth torespirations increase Hyperventilation
Widening of blood vessels Vasodilation
Pulse rate less than 60 beats per minute for an adult Bradycardia
140/90 mm Hg for two or more readings Hypertension
Rate of breathing abnormally rapid Tachypnea
Decreased body temperature Hypothermia
No resirations for several seconds Apnea
Rate of breathing abnormally slow Bradypnea
Normal breathing Eupnea
Temporary disappearance of sounds between Korotkoff sounds Auscultatory gap
Process of adapting to and adopting a new culture Acculturation
Shared identity related to social and cultural heritage Ethnicity
Tendency to categorize people into particular pattern without further assessment Stereotyping
Attitudes associating negative characteristics to people perceived to be different from oneself Prejudices
Integrated patterns of human behavior, including language, customs, and beliefs Culture
Common biological characteristics shared by a group of people Race
Cognitive stance or perspective about phenomena characteristic of a particular cultural group Worldview
Giving up ethnic identity in favor of the dominant culture Assimilation
Holding one's own way of life as superior to other Ethnocentrism
Distinct discipline focused on the comparative study of cultures to understand similarities Transcultural nursing
Does not believe in the existence of a supreme spiritual being or god Atheist
Cultural or institutional religion Faith
Awareness of one's inner self and a sense of connection to a higher being Spirituality
Belief that ultimate reality in unknown or unknowable Agnostic
having close spiritual relationships with oneself, others, and a god or other spiritual being Connectedness
Development of cognition Piaget
Psychosexual focus Freud
Based on human needs Maslow
Moral development Kohlberg
Psychosocial development Erikson
Set of conscious and unconscious feelings and beliefs about oneself Self-concept
Set of behaviors that have been approved by family, community, and culture as appropriate in particular situations Role
Clear, persistent preference for persons of one sex Sexual orientation
Emotional evluation of self-worth Self-esteem
experiences and attitudes related to appearance and physical abilities body image
sense of femaleness or maleness sexuality
irrational fear of homosexuality homophobia
persistent individuality and sameness of a person over time and in various circumstances identity
increasing flexibility of family's boundaries to include children's independence family with adolescents
accepting parent-offspring separation unattached young adult
accepting shifting of generational roles family in later life
committing to a new system newly married couple
accepting a multitude of exits from and entries into the family system family with young adults
awareness of the position of the body and its parts proprioception
resistance that moving body meets from the surface on which it moves friction
manner or style of walking gait
lying face up supine
lying face down prone
movement of the foot where the toes point upward dorsiflexion
maintenance of optimal body poisition posture
body alignment during walking, turning, lefting or carrying body mechanics
mobility of the joint range of motion
inflammation of the skin characterized by abrupt onset with erythema, pruritus, pain and scaly oozing lesions contact dermatitis
thickened portion of the peidermis, usually flat and painless on the undersurface of the foot or hand callus
inflammation of the tissue surrounding the nail paronychia
scraping or rubbing away of the epidermis, resulting in localized bleeding abrasion
keratosis caused by friction and pressure from shoes, mainly on toes corn
fungating lesion that appears on the sole of the foot plantar wart
loss of hair alopecia
collapse of alveoli, preventing exchange of oxygen atelectasis
tachypnea pattern of breathing associated with metabolitc acidosis kussmaul respiration
need to sit upright to breathe easier orthopnea
collection of air in the pleural space pneumothorax
bloody sputum hemoptysis
inadequate tissue oxygenation at the cellular level hypoxia
amount of blood in the ventricles at the end of diastole preload
collection of blood in the pleural space hemothorax
resistance of ejection of blood from the left ventricle after load
difficulty breathing, sensation of breathlessness dyspnea
cessation of breathing for periods of time during sleep sleep apnea
a decrease in the amount, quality, and consistency of sleep sleep deprviation
awaking at night to urinate nocturia
sudden muscle weakness during intense emotions cataplexy
difficulty falling or staying asleep insomnia
24-hour day/night cycle circadian rhythm
disorder that produces abnormal behavior or emotions parasomnia
excessive sleepiness during the day sleep apnea
local anesthesia, with minimal sedation, given between the vertebrae epidural infusion
unpleasnat, subjective sensory and emotional experience pain
partial or complete disappearance of symptoms remission
extends from the point of injury to another body area radiating pain
rapid onset, lasts briefly acute pain
localized, sharp sensation resulting from stimulation of the skin superficial pain
increase in the severity of symptoms exacerbation
classiication of medication used from pain relief analgesic
prolonged, varying in intensity chronic pain
diffuse, radiating, and varying in intesnity from dull to sharp visceral pain
increase in blood glucose level hyperglycemia
breakdown of food products into smaller particles digestion
production of more complex chemical substances through the synthesis of nutrients anabolism
all biochemical and physological processes by which the body maintains itselfe metabolism
organic substances in food that are present in small amounts and act as coenzymes in biochemical reactions vitamins
inorganic elements that act as catalysis in biochemical reactions minerals
substances necessary for body functioning nutrients
breakdown of complex body substances into simpler substances catabolism
decrease in blood glucse level hypoglycemia
measurement of size and makeup of body at specific sites anthropometry
accumulation of urine in the bladder because of inability to empty bladder completely retention
painful or difficult urination dysuria
diffuculty in initating urination hesitancy
volume of urine remaining in the bladder after voiding residual urine
feeling the need to void immediately urgency
voiding large amounts of urine polyuria
urination, particularly excessive, at night nocturia
presnece of blood in the urine hematuria
voiding very often frequency
diminished urinary output in relation to fluid intake oliguria
propulsion of food throught eh gastrointestional tract peristalsis
agent used to empty the bowel cathartic
artificial opening in the abdominal wall stoma
dilated rectal veins hemorrhoids
blood in the stool melena
contraction of abdominal muscles, while forcing expiration against a closed airway Valsalva maneuver
characterized by bone resorption disuse osteoporosis
TEMPORARY DECREASE IN BLODO SUPPLY TO AN ORGAN OR TISSUE ISCHEMIA
capacity to maneuver around freely mobility
permanent plantar flexion footdrop
lung inflammation from stasis or pooling of secretions hypostatic penumonia
increased urine excretion diuresis
collapse of alveoli atelectasis
bathing, dressing, eating activities of daily living
calcium stones in teh kidney renal calculi
accumulation of platelets, fibrin, clotting factors, and cellular elements attached to the interior wall of an artery or vein thrombus
locaized collection of blood under the tissues hematoma
separation of wound layers with protrusion of visceral organs evisceration
wound edges come together approximate
superficial loss of dermis abrasion
pressure excerted against the skin when the patient is moved shearing force
general poor health and malnutrition with weakness and emaciation cachexia
removal of devitalized tissue debridement
torn, jagged damage to dermis and epidermis laceration
separation of skin and tissue layers dehiscence
abnormal passage between two body organs or between an organ and the outside of the body fistula
Created by: ABess92