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MED-SURGII

N ursing Care of Patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders

QuestionAnswer
Protective function to rid the body of harmful substances from the gastrointestinal tract Vomitting
Used with antiemetic medications may help ease nausea Ginger
Compulsive eating with self-induced vomiting, which is commonly known as binge-purge Bulimia nervosa
Common side effect of restrictive surgery Vomitting
An artificial saliva substitute OralBalance gel, Salivart solution, or Salix lozenges
Nystatin as an oral rinse treats this infection. Candida albicans
Is often performed since this type of cancer frequently has metastasized to cervical lymph nodes by the time it is diagnosed Radical or modified neck dissection
Is usually detected late because of its location near many lymph nodes that allow it to metastasize. Esophageal cancer
Used to determine whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and surrounding structures. Mediastinoscopy
A condition in which the lower part of the esophagus and stomach slides up through the hiatus of the diaphragm into the thorax Hiatal hernia
The most common type in which the stomach slides up into the thoracic cavity when a patient is supine and then usually goes back into the abdominal cavity when the patient stands upright. Sliding hiatal hernia
The stomach fundus is wrapped around the lower part of the esophagus, is the most common surgical procedure performed Fundoplication
Is caused primarily by conditions that affect the ability of the lower esophageal sphincter to close tightly, such as hiatal hernia. Gastroesophogeal reflux disease
Diagnostic tests include a barium swallow, esophagoscopy, or pH monitoring of the normally alkaline esophagus GERD
A precancerous lesion that puts the patient at risk of developing esophageal cancer Barrett's esophagus
Uses an endoscope to tighten the lower esophageal sphincter, which aids in improving or eliminating gastroesophageal reflux with good success Esophy X
Is a longitudinal tear in the mucous membrane of the esophagus at the stomach junction (gastric cardia). Mallory-Weiss tear
Can be diagnosed with an esophagogastroduode-noscopy (EGD) Mallory-Weiss tear
Lab test for Mallory-Weiss tear HCT and HGB
Are dilated blood vessels in the esophagus. Their rupture can precipitate a lifethreatening event. Esophageal varices
Is inflammation of the stomach mucosa and can be acute or chronic Gastritis
A condition in which the lining of the stomach, pylorus, duodenum, or the esophagus is eroded, usually from infection with H. pylori. Peptic ulcer disease
Created by: nurselady