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AcidBase Ranges

Acid-Base Ranges CCC PN105

Sodium (Na) 135-145 mEq/L
Potassium (K+) 3.5-5 mEq/L
Calcium(Ca2+) 8.4-10.6 mg/dL
Magnesium (Mg2+) 1.3-2.1 mg/dL
Phosphate [(PO4)3-] 2.7-4.5 mg/dL
Chloride (Cl-) 96-106 mEq/L
Bicarbonate (HCO3-) 22-26 mEq/L
Normal pH 7.35-7.45
Carbonic Acid (PaCO2) 35-45 mm/Hg
Metabolic balance determined by ______ Bicarbonate (HCO3-)
Respiratory balance determined by ___________ Carbonic Acid (PaCO2)
Acidosis determined by pH below 7.35
Alkalosis determined by pH above 7.45
To maintain normal pH, bicarbonate (HCO3)/carbonic acid (PaCO2-) ratio must be at ______ 20:1
Hyponatremia/Hypernatremia low/high sodium levels
Hypokalemia/Hyperkalemia low/high potassium levels
Hypocalcemia/Hypercalcemia low/high calcium levels
Hypomagnesemia/Hypermagnesemia low/high magnesium levels
Hypochloremia/Hyperchloremia low/high chloride levels
Hypophosphatemia/Hyperphosphatemia low/high phosphate levels
Created by: cmp12345