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Heart failure

Heart Failure

QuestionAnswer
What is the difference between Right and Left sided failure? Left side failure is the inability of the heart to pump necessary blood due to increased after load. Right side fails second but fails faster. R side backs up into systemic system.
What are some S/S for Left side Heart failure? Early: weight gain Late: PND paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea; Pulmonary congestion; Restlessness; confusion; orthopnea; tachycardia; Fatigue; Cyanosis.
What are some S/S for Right side Heart Failure? Distended Jugulars; Enlarged liver and spleen; ascites; Increased peripheral pressure; weight gain; Fatigue.
What are some Diagnostic tests for Heart Failure? ECG; Chest x-ray; CBC & Electrolytes; Cardiac Markers; Liver function enzymes; Echocardiogram; Angiogram (EF)
What are the complications of Heart Failure? Pulmonary edema; Pleural effusion; Dysrhythmia; Left Ventricular Thrombus; Hepatomegaly; Renal Failure.
What is the collaborative care for Pulmonary Edema (ADHF)? Decrease intravascular volume (Diuretics); Decreases venous return (High Fowler's position, Nitroglycerin); Decrease afterload (Morphine IV nipride); Improve Gas Exchange, Cardiac function; Reducing anxiety.
Created by: zj mepn