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Geography Ch5

Advanced Geospatial Skills

What does B mean in BOLTSS? Border-outline around the map and all the info.
What does O mean in BOLTSS? Orientation-compass direction
What does L mean in BOLTSS? Legend-key saying what each symbol & colour means.
What does T mean in BOLTSS? Title-heading of the maps name.
What does S mean in BOLTSS? Scale-What distance on the map represent in real life.
What does the second S mean in BOLTSS? Source-Info. about where the map is from.
What is a map? A map is a diagram that shows features of a land.
What is a choropleth map? Maps that uses shades to represent patterns and amounts.
What is a contour line? A line that shows curves in the land.
What is a cross-section? Why are they useful? A cross-section is a side view that shows the shape of a feature as if it has been cut in half. Cross-sections give us more information about the feature.
What is an oblique view? A view from an angle.
What do contour lines that are close together represent? The land is steep.
What is a contour interval? The difference in height between 2 contour lines.
What is a spur? An area of land that sticks out like a finger on the side of a mountain.
What is a valley? Low land between hills or mountains which usually has a river flowing through it.
What is a saddle? 2 areas of high land with a dip between them.
What is a plateau? An area of flat land that is higher than the land around it.
What is a round hill? A high, round piece of land.
What is a ridge? A long narrow hill top.
What is a cliff? A high, steep, rocky slope formed by erosion or earth movement.`
what are topographic maps? Topographic maps show natural and human features.
Name 5 coastal landforms - Island -Bay -Beach - Cliff -Reef
Name 5 terms associated with rivers. -beach -Cape -Delta -Meander -waterfall
What is spot-height? The height at a particular location on a map.
What type of pressure system affects most of Australia? High pressure systems.
What effect does this system have on Australia's climate? There has been above normal temperatures and the rainfall has been below average.
What is a drought? A long period of time when the rainfall received is below average.
Define compost. A mixture of organic matter used to improve soil structure as an organic fertiliser.
Define weeds. Unwanted plants, often wild, especially to the detriment of desired plants/crops.
Define greywater. The water that has been used to was clothes, or in baths/showers.
Define native gardens/plants. Indigenous to Australia.
Define drought tolerant plants. Able to withstand drought.
Define mulch. Straw/leaves spread on the ground to protect trees and plants from weeds and soil evaporation.
Define wind drift. Wind that blows away irrigation water from the target plants, lawn or garden.
Define succulents. Plants with thick and fleshy leaves or stems.
Where can you find water? Humans, plants, clouds, oceans, damps, lakes, animals and soil.
Why is water important? It keeps the earh, animals, humans and plants alive. It also keeps us hydrated.
What is El Nino? The reversal (every few years) of the more usual direction of winds and surface currents across the Pacific Ocean.
Where is Australia most affected by drought. Central Australia.
What affect does the drought have on the social environment of Australia? It affects people especially farmers because no rainfall can lead to poor pasture and crop growth.
What affect does the drought have on the natural environment of Australia? Really hot, less rain, low crops and animals die.
What affect does the drought have on the economic environment of Australia? Lose money from less crops and tourists.
What affect does the drought have on the political environment of Australia? Government loses money from less crops, so there is no trade occuring.
Created by: beckarr99



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