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Gallagher's Weather

Mr. Gallagher's Weather and the Atmosphere Vocabulary

troposphere atmosphere layer closest to the earth
stratosphere layer of atmosphere that reaches from the troposphere to 30 miles above Earth
Ozone keeps most of the sun's harmful radiation from reaching Earth
mesosphere and thermosphere farthest from the Earth; air becomes thinner and thinner until it fades into space
water vapor First step in water cycle, this is when the sun heats water on Earth and changes it from a liquid to a gas.
condensation Second step in water cycle, warm air holding water vapor gets cooler
cycle cycle means circle
cirrus, cumulus, and stratus three types of main clouds
precipitation When water falls to Earth
rain, snow, sleet, and hail Examples of precipitation
humidity amount of water vapor in the air
temperature measure of how hot or cold something is
degrees temperature is measured in degrees
air mass huge body of air that stays together as it moves
weather front boundary of air, formed when two air masses meet
air pressure the push of air on Earth
barometer air pressure is measured with a barometer
meterologist person who studies the weather
anemometer instrument used to measure wind speed
climate average weather of a region over a period of time
hurricane severe tropical storm with high winds that revolve around an "eye."
isobar line on a weather map connecting areas of equal air pressure
psychrometer instrument used to measure relative humidity
tornado powerful storm with a whirling, funnel-shaped cloud and extremely low pressure.
Created by: smcauliffe