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GS Mod 15

Apologia Exploring Creation with General Science Module 15

QuestionAnswer
Lymphatic system Removes excess fluid from your body's tissues and returns it to the bloodstream
Gland A group of cells that prepare and release a chemical for use by the body
Lymphocytes White blood cells found in the lymph system
B-cells Lymphocytes that produce antibodies that attack specific disease-causing microorganisms
T-cells Lymphocytes that attack microorganisms directly
Vaccine A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates the body's production of anti-bodies that can destroy the pathogen
Urinary system Controls the amount of water you retain, as well as the levels of the many substances in that water
Renal artery Brings blood into the kidney
Nephron Filters the blood while in the kidney
Renal Vein Takes blood back to the heart from the kidney
Renal pelvis Area through which excess water and chemicals that were not reabsorbed into the blood flow out of the kidney
Bladder Where the urine is held
Urethra Where the urine leaves the body
Hormone A chemical messenger released into the bloodstream that sends signals to distant cells, causing them to change their behavior in specific ways
Hypothalamus One of the main regulators of the endocrine system. It controls the pituitary gland.
Pituitary gland Referred to as the "master endocrine gland" because the hormones that makes it and sends into the bloodstream control many other endocrine glands
Thyroid gland Primarily affects the basal metabolic rate
Parathyroid gland Regulates the level of calcium in the body
Thymus gland Releases a hormone which stimulates the development of the white blood cells (T-cells)
Adrenal gland Produces coritsol, which causes the liver to release more glucose so that there is plenty of energy available to the body
Pancreas Produces insulin that enables glucose to enter the cells so that it can be burned
Created by: barbara.macri
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