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Pharm Terms CCC105

Pharm Terms CCC PN105

QuestionAnswer
adverse reaction (adverse effect) any noxious, unintended, undesired result of taking a drug in appropriate doses
allergic reaction an immune response to a drug, ranging in intensity from mild itcdhing to sever rash to anaphylaxis
anaphylaxis an immediate and life-threatening allergic response characterized by bronchospasm, laryngeal edema, rapid drop in BP
buccal pertaining to/directed toward the bucca(cheek), makes up the lateral wall of oral cavity
compatible capable of harmonious coexistence; two or more meds that can be given simultaneously without changing effects of each other or causing new responses
contraindication pre-existing condition that makes it unsafe or otherwise inappropriate to administer a particular drug
dosage determination and regulation of size, frequency, number of doses of a med to be given or taken by individual patient
dose measured quantity to be administered at one time; specified amount of medication
drug chemical or other nondrug substance that can affect living processes
duration of action how long a drug actively produces a therapeutic effect
enteral within or by way of the intestines
generic (nonproprietary) noncommercial name assigned to a drug, usually less complex than the drugs chemical name and more complex than trade name
idiosyncratic reaction uncommon, unexpected, individual drug response throught to result from a genetic predisposition
indication reason for administering particular medication
instillation administration of liquid drop by drop
intradermal within or into the dermis (skin)
intramuscular within or into a muscle
intravenous within or into a vein
medication term used for drug when it is given to or taken by a particular individual for therapeutic purposes
medication administration record (MAR) document completed as per agency policy to verify patients medications were administered as prescribed
narcotic umbrella term used to refer to opiods, controlled substances, illicit drugs, CNS depressants, strong analgesics, and drugs capable of causing physical dependence; opiod is preferred term
nubulizer device for creating and delivering an aerosol spray
NPO nothing by mouth
onset of action point in time after drug administration when drug begins to exert therapeutic effect
ophthalmic pertaining to the eye
over the counter (OTC) drugs sold without prescription necessary
paradoxical reaction causing effect opposite of intended effect
parenteral via route other than GI tract: subQ, IM, IV, intrathecal
peak action point in time after administration when drug exerts its max therapeutic effect
plateau steady level of drug achieved after repeated doses, state which amount of drug eliminated between doses equals amount administered each dose
polypharmacy concurrent use of multiple drugs
PRN as needed
side effect any unintended and usually PREDICTABLE result of taking drug in appropriate doses
subcutaneous (subQ) under the skin
sublingual under the tongue
syngergistic effect increase in effects of any or all of two or more drugs taken together
therapeutic effect beneficial and intended result for which a drug is taken
topical applied externally
toxic effect seriously adverse drug reaction
toxicity adverse drug reaction by excessive dosing
transdermal entering through the dermis; drug applied to skin via adhesive patch
verbal order prescription provider states to nurse when unable to write prescription in patient medical record
two medication routes parenteral and non-parenteral
offers most direct and reliable method of adminstering medication with most rapid absorption parenteral route
most commonly used route for administering medication oral route
oral, sublingual, buccal - local or systemic or both both
topical - local or systemic or both lotions, ointment, cream - local; transdermal - systemic
rectal - local or systemic or both both
Created by: cmp12345
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