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science chap. 3


the ability to cause a change Energy
energy______include fuels,foods,wind,and coal sources
all forms of energy can be______into other forms of energy. transformed
the energy an object has because it is in motion is called______energy kinetic
the amount of kinetic energy am object has depends on the____of the object mass
the more mass a moving object has, the____kinetic energy it has more
when electrons move, they have____energy and create an electric current kinetic
______is a form of kinetic energy that an electric current carries electric energy
Stored energy, which depends on interactions among objects,particles,or atoms is called _____energy potential
a type of potential energy stored in an object due to its height above earth's surface is called______potential energy gravitational
Atoms are joined by chemical bonds; energy that is stored in and released from the bonds between atoms is called______energy chemical
Burning fossil fuels _________ the chemical bonds that hold the atoms together. break apart
when the chemical bonds break,some of the chemical energy in the burning fossil fuel is converted into _____energy thermal
In the sun, the nuclei of atoms join in a process called ________which releases large amounts of energy nuclear fusion
The energy stored in and released from the nucleus of an atom is known as ______energy nuclear
In nuclear energy plants, the nuclei certain atoms, such as uranium, are broken apart in a process called_____,which produces large amounts of energy fission
the process of nuclear_____produces energy as well as_______ waste. fission, radioactive
________ is the sum of the potential energy and the kinetic energy in a system of objects Mechanical energy
the sum of the kinetic energy and the potential energy of the particles that make up an object is _____energy thermal
Particles in Earth's interior contain great amounts of thermal energy, which is called______energy geothermal
In geothermal energy plants, geothermal energy can be converted into_______energy. electric
Created by: mnmoser