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a-; an-; ana- no; not; without
ab- away from
ante- before; forward
anti- against
auto- self
bi- two; double; both
brady- slow
carcin- cancerous
contra- against; opposite
dys- difficult; painful
ect- outside; out
en- within; in
endo- within
epi- above; upon
ex- out
gynec/o- woman
hemi- half
hyper- above; excessive
hypo- below; deficient
infra- below; inferior
inter- between
intra- within
iso- same; equal
macro- large
mal- bad; poor; abnormal
meta- change; after; beyond
micro- small
multi- many
neo- new
non- not
oligo- few; less
pan- all
para- near; beside
per- through
peri- around; surrounding
poly- many; excessive
post- after
pre- before; in front of
primi- first
retro- behing; backward; upward
semi- half
sub- below; under
super- above; over; excess
supra- above, on top of
sym- with
syn- together; with
trachy- fast
tri- three
uni- one
xero- dry
-ac; -al; -ar; -ary pertaining to
-algia pain
-blast germ or bud
-cele hernia; herniation
-centesis surgical puncture
-crine to secrete
-crit to separate
-cyte cell
-cytosis condition of cells
-desis binding together
-ectomy surgical removal; excision
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-genesis; -genic; -gen origin; producing; forming
-globin; -globulin protein
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-ia; -iac; -ic pertaining to
-iasis formation or presence of
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-ium structure or tissue
-lepsy seizure
-lysis; -lytic break down
-malcia softening
-megaly enlargement
-metry process of measuring
-oid resembling; like
-(o)logist specialist in the study or treatment of
-(o)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
-ous pertaining to
-pareis paralysis
-pathy disease
-penia decreased number
-pepsia digestion
-pexy suspension or fixation
-phagia eating; swallowing
-phobia abnormal fear
-phonia voice; sound
-phoresis carrying; transmission
-phoria feeling; mental state
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-poiesis formation
-r/rhage; -r/rhagia bursting forth
-rrhea flow; discharge
-rhexis rupture
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument for viewing
-scopy process of viewing
-somnia; somn/o sleep
-spasm involuntary contraction or twitch
-stasis control; stop
-stenosis narrowing
-therapy treatment
-thorax chest; pleural cavity
-tocia; toc/o labor; birth
-tripsy crushing
-trophy growth; development
-tropin nourish; develop; stimulate
abdomin/o abdomen
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
amnio amnion
andr/o male; man
angi/o vessel
aque/o watery
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat; fatty plaque
audi/o hearing; sound
aur/o ear
balan/o glans penis
bili bile; gall
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchus
bronchil/o bronchiole
bucc/o cheek
burs/o joint
calc/i calcium
capnia carbon dioxide
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist bones
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
cirrh/o yellow
chol/e bile; gall bladder
cholangi/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gall bladder
chondr/o cartilage
coagul/o clotting
cochle/o cochlea
col/o colon
colp/o vagina (sheath)
conjuctiv/o conjunctive
cor/o; coron/o heart
corne/o cornea
cost/o rib
crani/o cranium; skull
cry/o cold
cut/o, cuti, cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o bladder, sac
cyt/o cell
dacry/o tears
dent tooth
derm/o, demat/o skin
dipl/o two; double
dips/o thirst
duoden/o duodenum
dur/a dura mater
electr/o electricity
embry/o embryo
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines
eosin/o; erythr/o red
epididym/o epididymis
episi/o vulva
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation
fasci/o fascia
femor/o femur
fet/o; fet/i fetus
fibul/o fibula
fund/o fundus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
glauc/o silver; gray
gli/o nerve cell
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o, glyc/o glucose; sugar
gonad/o sex glands
gravid/a, gravid/o pregnancy
gyn/o, gyn/e, gynec/o woman
hemat/o, hem/o blood
hemangi/o blood vessel
hepat/o liver
hidr/o sweat
hormone/o hormone; an urging on
humer/o humerus
hydr/o water; fluid
hyster/o uterus
ile/o; ili/o ileum
immune/o protection
jejun/o jejunum
kal/i potassium
kerat/o cornea
ket/o, keton/o ketone bdies
kinesi/o movement
lacrim/o tears
lact/o milk
lapar/o abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
ligament/o ligament
lingua tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
lumb/o lymph
mamm/o, mast/o breast
melan/o black
men/o menses; menstruation
mening/o, meningi/o meninges (membrane)
metacarp/o hand bones
metatars/o foot bones
morph/o form; shape
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
myring/o eardrum
narc/o sleep
nat/o, natal birth, delivery
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
noct/o, nyctal/o night
ocul/o, opthalm/o, opt/o eye
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
or/o mouth
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o testis; testicle
orth/o straight
oste/o bones
ot/o ear
ovari/o ovary
oxi oxygen
pachy/o thick
pancreat/o pancreas
par/o, part/o bear; labor; childbirth
patell/o kneecap
pector/o chest
ped children
pelv/i pelvis
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o eat or swallow
phalang/o finger and toe bones
pharyng/o pharynx
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
phren/o mind or diaphragm
pil/o hair
pneum/o lungs; air
pod/o, podi foot
presby/o old age
proct/o rectum
psych/o, psych/i mind or soul
pub/o pubis, pubic bone
pulmon/o lungs
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
quadr/i four
radi/o radius
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
reticul/o a net
retin/o retina
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle; striated muscle
rheum watery discharge
rhin/o nose
salping/o eustachian or uterine tube
sarc/o flesh
schiz/o split
semin/o semen
septi bacteria
sial/o saliva
sinus/o sinus
somat/o body
sperm/o, spermat/o sperm
spher/o round
sphygm/o pulse
spir/o breathe; breath
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra; vertebral column
steth/o chest
stoma, stomat/o mouth
synovi/o joint
tars/o ankle bones
ten/o; tend/o, tendon/o; tendin/o tendon
test/o, testicul/o testis; testicle
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thyr/o thyroid gland
trache/o trachea
tympan/o eardrum
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urinary tract
vas/o, vascul/o vessel
ven/o vein
xanth/o yellow
akinesia loss of normal muscle movement
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
electroencephalogram record of the electrical activity of the brain
epidural pertaining to above the dura mater
epilepsy disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
hemiparesis paralysis of one side of the body
hydrocephalus excess cerebrospinal fluid in the brain
hyperesthesia increased sensitivity to stimulation such as touch, pain, and other sensory stimuli
meningitis inflammation of the mininges of the brain
myelogram x-ray of the spinal cord and nerve roots
neuralgia nerve pain
neurologist physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
paraplegia paralysis of both lower extremities and generally the lower trunk
polyneuritis inflammation of two or more nerves
schizophrenia type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
angiography examination of blood vessels via radiographic study
anoxia without oxygen
arteriogram record (x-ray) of an artery
arteriosclerosis thickening, loss of elasticity, and hardening of arterial walls
bradycardia pertaining to a slow heart rate
cardiologist physician who specializes in diseases of the heart
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
endarterectomy surgical removal of the inside of an artery
endocardium membrane lining the cavities of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypoxemia too little oxygen in the blood
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
myocardium heart muscle tissue
pericardium lining around the outside of the heart
tachycardia pertaining to a fast heart rate
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
bronchoscopy process of viewing the bronchi
dyspnea difficult, painful, or faulty breathing
hypoxia condition of deficient oxygen levels
laryngoscope instrument for viewing the larynx
laryngospasm contraction of laryngeal muscles, causing
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
pneumothorax air or gas in the chest cavity
pulmonogist specialist in diseases of the lungs
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
spirometry measurement of breathing
stethoscope instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds though the chest wall
thoracotomy incisions to the chest
tracheostomy creation of an opening in the trachea, usually to insert a tube
arthralgia joint pain
arthroscopy inflammation of the joints
bradykinesia slow movement
bursitis inflammation of the bursa, fluid filled sac around joints
chondromalacia softening of the cartilage
craniotomy surgical incision of the skull
electromyogram record of the electrical activity of a muscle
intercostal pertaining to in between the ribs
myalgia muscle pain
orthopedic pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
orthopedist specialist in the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
patellectomy surgical removal of the kneecap
suprapubic pertaining to above the pubic bone
tendinitis inflammation of the tendon
adenoma tumor of grandular tissue
adrenomegaly enlargement of the adrenal gland
andromorphus male form or appearance
endocrinology study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
glucogenic giving rise to or producing glucose
hormonal pertaining to hormones
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism condition of too much thyroid hormone
hypokalemia low blood potassium
hyposecretion abnormally decreased secretion
ketoacidosis condition of an increased presence of ketone bodies
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
polydipsia condition of excessive thirst
thymoma tumor of thymic tissue
thyroidectomy surgical removal of the thyroid gland
autoimmune disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
immunocompromised condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
leukemia Malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells
Lymphadenopathy Disease state in which lymph nodes are enlarged
Lymphocytopenia Abnormally reduced number or lymphocytes
Lymphoma Neoplasm of the lymphatic system
Macrocytosis Presence of large red blood cells
Mestasis Spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
Pancytopenia Abnormally reduced number of all types of blood cells
Phagocyte Cell that consumes bacteria, foreign particles, and other cells
Septicemia Bacterial infection of the blood
Splenomegaly Enlarged spleen
Thymus Removal of the thymus gland
anemia blood condition in which theres is a reduction in the reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, ot the volumr of packed red blood cells
hematology medical study of the blood
hemocytoblasts primitive cells in the bone marrow that develop into blood cells
hemolysis breakdown of the red blood cell membrane
hematopoiesis process of formation and development of various types of blood cells
leukopenia too few white blood cells
morphology study of form, including the size and shape of a specimen, such as a blood cell
myeloma tumor of the bone marrow
myelocyte immature blood cell in the bone marrow
reticulocyte immature red blood cells or erythrocytes
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein due to blood clot formation
abdominocentesis puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of abdominal fluid
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gall bladder
cirrhosis chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
colonoscopy process of viewing the colon
dyspepsia condition of indigestion, or of painful digestion
dysphagia pertaining to difficulty in eating or swallowing
endoscopic pertaining to the process of viewing within
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastroenterologist specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
hematemesis bloody vomit
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and the stomach
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
bacteriuria presence of bacteria in the urine
cystoscope type of endoscope that is used to examine the bladder
glucosuria condition of sugar in the urine
hydronephrosis condition of urine pooling in the renal pelvis
ketonuria condition of ketone bodies in the urine
lithotripsy crushing of a stone
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
nephrosis abnormal condition of the kidney
polyuria condition in which one urinates excessively
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
ureterolithiasis condition of having a stone form in the ureter
urethralgia pain in the urethra
urologist physician who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
vesicotomy incision of the bladder
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
exophthalmia pertaining to the protuberance of the eye
intraocular pertaining to the inside of the eye
keratoplasty surgical repair or reconstruction of the cornea
lacrimation process of secreting tears
opthalmologist specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry process of measuring the eye
photophobia extreme sensitivity and discomfort to light
presbyopia vision condition of a reduced ability to focus due to old age
retinitis inflammation of the retina
audiometry measurement of hearing
myringitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otorhinolaryngologist specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
otalgia earache
otitis inflammation of the ear
otosclerosis condition of hardening of bone tissue in the ear
presbyacusis hearing loss due to old age
salpingitis inflammation of the Eustachian tube in the ear or the uterine tube
tympanometry process of measuring the compliance and mobility (conductivity) of the tympanic membrane
tympanoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist specialist in the study of diseases of the skin
epidermal pertaining to the skin
histology study of tissues
keratosis condition of thickened epidermis
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nail
percutaneous through the skin
sarcoma tumor of flesh
subcutaneous pertaining to below the skin
xeroderma dry skin
anorchism condition in which on or both testes are absent
aspermia condition in which one is unable to produce or ejaculate sperm
colposcope special kind of scope designed to examine the vagina
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
episiotomy incision made in the perineum to facilitate birth
gynecologist physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
hydrocele hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
lactogenic pertaining to the production of milk
mammogram x-ray of the breast
mastodynia breast pain
obstetrics specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period
oligospermia too few sperm in the semen
oophoritis inflammation of the ovaries
orchiopexy surgical treatment of an undescended testicle by freeing it and implanting it into the scrotum
prostatalgia painful prostate
vasectomy excision part of the vas deferens to produces male sterility
Created by: Msomwaru