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Nursing Unit Exam 4

Nursing Exam 4

Pathogen Pathogen can be in or out of the body. Pathogen is a disease producing microorganism.
Factors required for infection to spread 1. The number of organism 2. The virulence of the organism (strength) 3. The weaken immmune system 4. The links and closeness of contact
Ways body resist infection 1. Intact skin and mucous membrane 2. Normal PH levels of gastric secretion 3. White Blood Cells within normal range 4. Good general health 5. Immunization 6. Stress at a healthy level 7. Other factors (age, race, hederity)
Imflammatory Response 1. Anti inflammatory response 2. Redness and warmth 3. Wall off- A barrier to prevent the spread 4. Bacteria is killed off and pus is produced 5. It is removed and the healing begin (Fibrous Tissue is the formation of the scar)
Systemic response to inflammation 1. Fever 2. White Blood Cells 3. Maillase (genral discomfort) 4. Drowsiness and sluggish
Cardinal response (local inflammation) 1. Swelling 2. Warmth 3. Pain 4. Redness 5. Decrease function in the affected area
Reason for cold application 1. Control bleeding 2. Prevent swelling 3. Cools the body 4. Relieves superficial pain 5. Muscle spasm
Reason for hot application 1. Inflammation 2. Contracture 3. Joint stiffness 4. Muscle spasm 5. Pain 6. Rewarm the body part 7. Hasten healing
3 Categories of surgery 1. Degree of urgency 2. Degree of risk 3. Based on purpose
Degree of Urgency 1. Emergency- Patient require immediate surgery within the hour (save organs) 2. Urgent- It has to be done within a day (appendix) 3. Required/Elective- should have surgery but in no hurry (back problem, hernia) 4. Optional- Cosmetic surgery, your choi
Degree of Risk Major or minor
Based on Purpose 1. Diagnostic-Confirm/determine diagnosis 2. Ablative-Take out diseased part 3. Reconstructive-help restore function 4. Transplantation-Take out old organ and put in new 5. Constructive-construct function that wasnt there 6. Palliative-help with sym
Types of Anesthesia 1. General- IV or inhalation 2. Regional- Injected near a nerve or nerve pathway 3. Topical- Used on open skin surface, wounds and its spray on because if injected then its regional
Moderate Sedation Conscious sedation- patient can respond verbally but amnesia can happen and they maintain their airways
Goals in Pre-Op Teaching 1. Promote lung ventilation and blood oxygenation 2. Promote deliberate body movement post-op to improve circulation 3. To assess and manage pain 4. Promote a sense of well-being
Preparing the Patient Physically 1. Hygiene and skin prep 2. Elimination 3. Possible urinary catherization 4. Nutrition and fluid 5. Rest and sleep
Goals of Post-Op Care 1. Maintain function 2. Promote recovery and healing 3. Facilitate coping with alterations and structure or function
Hypovolemic Vs. Hypervolemia Hypovolemic- Too little fluid Hypervolemia- Too much fluid
Members of the Surgical Team 1. Patient 2. Circulating Nurse 3. Scrub Nurse 4. Surgeon 5. Anesthesiologist (captain of patient care) 6. Register Nurse First Assistant 7. Advanced Practice Nurse
Levels of prevention 1. Primary 2. Secondary 3. Tertiary
Primary Prevention Is concerned with health promotion and specific protection against the disease- Activities that are designed to prevent or slow the onset of disease
Secondary Prevention Focuses on early detection and prompt intervention to halt the progression- Screening activities and education for detection of early stages of illness
Tertiary Prevention Concerned with prevention of disease progression or re occurrence and rehab for no further complications
12 Leading Health Indicators Were selected on the basis on their ability to promote action, the ability of data to measure progress, and their importance as public health issues
What is stress? A condition in which the human system respond in a normal state
Sympathetic Vs. Parasympathetic Sympathetic- Increase heart rate Para sympathetic- Slows heart rate
Four Levels of Anxiety 1. Mild 2. Moderate 3. Severe 4. Panic
Functions of Water 1. Transporting nutrient to cells and waste from cells 2. Transport hormones, blood 3. Facilitate cellular metabolism 4. Acts as a solvent 5. Help maintain body temperature 6. Facilitate digestion 7. Tissue lubricant
Extracellular Fluid 1. Intravascular- in the vascular space (blood vessels) 2. Interstitial- outside the cell (between the cells) 3. Transcellular- Joint space (the fluid in spine and brain)
Major Cations in Body 1. Sodium 2. Potassium 3. Calcium 4. Hydrogen 5. Magnesium
Major Anions in Body 1. Chloride 2. Bicarbonate 3. Phosphate
Different Kind of Solution 1. Isotonic- the same concentration 2. Hypertonic- greater concentration 3. Hypotonic- lesser concentration
Created by: nonelily