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NUR 416

Research Final

QuestionAnswer
True or False - Qualitative studies have both independent and dependent variables FALSE - Qualitative studies DO NOT have independent and dependent variables
Steps in the Qualitative Process 1. Planning the Study 2. Develop data collection 3. Gathering and analyzing data 4. Disseminating findings
Gatekeeper The person who helps you gain access to the people you with to study in qualitative research
Bricolage Merging various data collection strategies (interviewing, intensive reflection, introspection)
Emergent Ongoing analysis guiding design decisions
Phenomenology Researcher seeks to describe an experience as it is lived by the person, such as describing a person experiencing the death of a spouse
Sampling in Grounded Theory Typically involves samples of 20-40 people, selection of participants who can best contribute to emerging theory (usually theoretical sampling)
Sampling in Phenomenology Relies on very small samples (often 10 or fewer) Participants must have experienced phenomenon of interest
Ethnography Mingling with many members of the culture - a "big net" approach. Informal conversations with 25 to 50 informants. Multiple interviews with smaller number of key informants
Disconfirming Cases Select new cases that do not fit; challenge the researcher's interpretations
Sampling Confirming Select additional cases for study that fit the researcher's conceptualizations; strengthens the credibility
Criterion Sampling select cases based upon a predetermined criterion that is important for the study
Typical case sampling select cases who are typical or average
Extreme/deviant case sampling select cases which are unusual or extreme
Maximum Variation Sampling select cases who vary in a wide range on a particular dimension of interest
Purposive Sampling Hand-picking subjects for sample because they have special characteristics
Examples of types of purposive sampling in qualitative research maximum variation sampling, extreme/deviant case sampling, typical case sampling
Theoretical Sampling preferred in grounded theory research, selecting sample members who best facilitate and contribute to development of the emerging theory
What is included in discussion section of research article? interpret your results in light of what was already known, relate work to findings of other studies
What is included in results section of research article? Key results, text & illustratives, summaries of the statistical analysis, negative results, Statistical test values (p-value)
What is included in materials/methods section of research article? Description of participants, experimental design, procedures in great detail, how data was summarized and analyzed, statistical software used, measures of variability, date transformations, statistical tests, numerical data, probability
What is included in introduction section of research article? "What is the problem?" Discuss relevant primary research literature, state the purpose, briefly explain rationale and approach and possible outcomes
What is included in abstract section of research article? "What you did in a nutshell" The purpose of the study, design and methods, major findings, key quantative results, trends, brief summary of conclusions, and interpretations
What is evidence based practice? the use of the best clinical evidence in making patient care decisions
What is nursing research? systematic inquiry to develop knowledge about issues of importance to the nursing profession
What is research? systematic inquiry using disciplined methods to solve problems to answer questions
Created by: 561181377