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Vocab Set 7 8th Grd

Vocabulary Set 7 - Water Cycle

water that flows or seeps downward and saturates soil or rock, supplying springs and wells. Water stored underground in rock crevices and in the pores of geologic materials that makeup the Earth’s crust. Groundwater
water added to an aquifer. Example: rainfall that seeps into the ground Recharge
all the waters on the earth’s surface, such as lakes and seas, including water in the atmosphere that can be found in clouds and as water vapor. Hydrosphere
water in a gaseous state, especially when diffused as a vapor in the atmosphere and at a temperature below boiling point. Water Vapor
the process of liquid water becoming water vapor, including vaporization from water surfaces, land surfaces, and snowfield, but not from leaf surfaces. Evaporation
formation of rain, snow, sleet, hail from moisture in the air. Dew and frost are also types of precipitation that can form at ground level Precipitation
the process of water vapor in the air turning into liquid water. Water drops on the outside of a cold glass of water are condensed water. Condensation
water that falls and penetrates into the ground. Factors affecting infiltration; amount of precipitation, soil characteristics, soil saturation, land cover, slope of the land, and evapotranspiration. Infiltration
part of the precipitation, snowmelt, or irrigation water that appears in uncontrolled surface streams, rivers, drains or sewers. The speed of flow is determined by area, terrain, amount of precipitation, soil porosity, and land cover. Surface Runoff
(also know as evapotranspiration) – process by which water that is absorbed by plants, usually through the roots, is evaporated into the atmosphere from the plant surface, such as leaf pores. Transpiration
a process in which a substance is converted directly from a solid to a gas or from a gas to a solid without the intermediate liquid phase. (Example: snow to water vapor or water vapor to snow) Sublimation
confined or unconfined water that is in a geologic formation. A geological formation or structure that stores and/or transmits water, such as to wells and springs. Aquifer
Created by: kkiebler