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HHS Muscle/Skeleton

ACCTC Muscular and Skeletal Systems Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone Ligament
a crack or break in a bone Fracture
a forcible displacement of a bone at a joint Dislocation
injury to a joint accompanied by stretching or tearing of the ligaments Sprain
fibrous connective tissue that connects muscles to bones Tendon
movement around a central axis; a turning Rotation
moving a body part toward the midline Adduction
movement away from the midline Abduction
decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a body part Flexion
increasing the angle between two parts; straightening a limb Extension
injury caused by excessive stretching, overuse, or misuse of a muscle Muscle Strain
a group of inherited diseases that lead to chronic, progressive muscle weakening Muscular Dystrophy
number of bones in an adult human 206
an area where two bones meet Joint
bone of the hand between the wrist and each finger Metacarpal
shoulder blade or bone Scapula
bones of the spine Vertebrae
the kneecap Patella
skull Cranium
bone that forms the lower jaw Mandible
collarbone Clavicle
breastbone Sternum
upper arm bone Humerus
bone in the lower arm up from the pinkie Ulna
bone in the lower arm up from the thumb Radius
tailbone Coccyx
upper leg bone Femur
outer and smaller bone of the lower leg Fibula
inner and larger bone of the lower leg Tibia
bone of the foot between the instep and each toe Metatarsal
bones of the fingers and toes Phalanges
upper chest muscle Pectorals
front of thigh muscle Quadraceps
shoulder muscle Deltoid
back of the upper arm muscle Tricep
front of upper arm muscle Bicep
stomach muscles Abdominal
voluntary muscle attached to bones and causes body movement Skeletal muscle
involuntary muscle which forms the walls of the heart and contracts to circulate blood Cardiac muscle
involuntary muscle found in the internal organs of the body Smooth muscle
Created by: dortaldo