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anatomical position to avoid confusion it is always assumed that the body is in a standard position
anatomy is the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts and their relationships to one another
digestion is the process of breaking down ingested food into simple molecules that can be absorbed into the blood
effector which provides the means for the control center's response (output) to the stimulus
excretion is the process of removing excretor or wastes from the body
homeostasis describes the body's ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions even though the outside world is continuously changing
irritability is the ability to sense changes (stimuli) in the environment and then react to them
metabolism is a broad term that refers to all chemical reactions that occur within body cells
midsagittal section if the cut is down the median plane of the body and the right and left parts are equal in size
negative feedback the net effect of the response to the stimulus is to shut off the original stimulus or reduce its intensity
organ system is a group of organs that work together to accomplish a common task purpose
physiology the study of how the body and its parts work or function
positive feedback are rare in the body because they tend to increase the original disturbance (stimulus) and to push the variable farther from its original value
receptor it is some type of sensor that monitors and responds to changes, called stimuli by sending information (input) to the second element, the control center
reproduction the production of offspring, can occur on the cellular or organismal level
section cut
tissues consist of groups of similar cells that have a common function
transverse section is a cut along a horizontal plane dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior parts
Created by: john michael