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N307 E2 NMT

N307 Nose, Mouth, Throat Assessment [Ch 16]

Identify the function of the nose. warms, moistens and filters inhaled air, sensory organ for smell
septum divides nasal cavity
turbinates bony projections within the nasal cavity
Identify the 2 paranasal sinuses we focused on during assessment. frontal (2) and maxillary (2), total of 4
If one nostril is larger than other, the cause is most likely a _______. foreign body
mouth first part of digestive system, airway for respiratory system
uvula free projection hanging down from middle of the soft palate
hard palate bone, close to front teeth, white color
soft palate arch of muscle, pink color
______ is most common site of mouth cancer. Floor of mouth
tongue mass of striated muscle
frenulum midline fold of tissue that connects the tongue to the floor of the mouth
Identify the function of the throat (oropharynx). (3) secrete saliva, starts digestion, and cleans and protects the mucosa
tonsils mass of lymphoid tissue, 2 on each side of throat
Identify the location of the nasopharynx. above the oropharynx and behind the nasal cavity
What is bifid uvula? What 2 ethnicities is it common in? Split uvula common in 18% Native Americans and 10% Asians
Cleft lip/cleft palate is most common in what ethnicities? Native Americans and Asians
Cleft lip/cleft palate is least common in what ethnicity? African Americans
Thick, green, and tenacious d/c in the nose is a sign of _______. bacterial infecion
epistaxis nosebleeds
How do you test for patency of the nares? Tell pt to occlude one nostril at a time and sniff; repeat
rhinorrhea persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose (as in the common cold)
Rhinorrhea occurs with ________. (4) Colds, allergies, sinus infection, trauma
Seasonal rhinitis is due to _____. pollen
Perennial rhinitis is due to _____. dust
rhinitis inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose; allergies
Sense of smell diminishes with ______. (3) cigarette smoking, chronic allergies, aging
Untreated strep throat leads to ________. complications of rheumatic fever
________ highly increase risk for oral and pharyngeal cancers. (2) Chronic tobacco use and heavy alcohol consumption
xerostomia dry mouth; often a side effect of many drugs
Describe nasal mucosa on a person with chronic allergies. Swollen, boggy, pale, and gray
Is a deviated septum common? Yes; not significant unless obstructing air flow
polyps benign growths that accompany chronic allergy; smooth, gray, avascular, mobile, non-tender
Tenderness in sinus areas indicate ______. chronic allergies and acute infection (sinusitis)
Is there evidence to support practice of transillumination of sinuses? No
Cyanotic lips are r/t ______. (2) hypoxemia and chilling
Cherry red lips are r/t ______. (3) carbon monoxide poisoning, acidosis from aspirin poisoning, ketoacidosis
Circumoral pallor (paleness around mouth) lips are r/t ______. Shock and anemia
cheilitis cracking at corners of mouth on the lips
Common name for oropharynx is ______. throat
Location of nasopharynx is _______. above the oropharynx and behind the nasal cavity
Created by: nikkirosety