Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

body mechanics

fundamentals

QuestionAnswer
proper body alignment, important because body functions the best in this position posture
feet are parallel with knees slightly bent, need to pull in buttocks and hold abdomen up and in, back should be straight with the spine alligned, chest should be up slightly forward, stretch at the waist, head erect face forward chin slightly in standing
buttocks and upper thighs base of support, knees should be flexed at 90*, arms should lie in lap or be supported by an arm rest sitting
maintain proper body alignment by supporting the joints in a postition of function, can use different positional items, need to promote functional mobility and relieve pressure on bony prominences lying down
the efficient use of the body as a machine body mechanics
study of how the body moves kinesiology
about promoting comfort, performance, and health in the work place ergonomics
ABC's of body mechanics Allignment Balance Coordinated body movements
muscles and bones musculoskeletal system
position where lying completely flat on your back, puts pressure on spine and sacrum supine
side lying position completely on side, puts pressure on hips lateral
variation of sidelying position, slightly on back, reduces pressure on hips lateral oblique
least used position, on abdomen prone
variation of prone, kind of on side face down, one leg over other, arms supported by pillows sim's
head of bed is up, preferred position, able to eat and look around, puts most pressure on sacral area, causes shearing force, good for respiratory patients fowlers
head of bed elevated 90* high fowlers
head of bed elevated 45* semi fowlers
head of bed elevated 30* low fowlers
reduction in muscle tone atony
reduction in size, muscles shrink, leads to weakness atrophy
permanantly shortened muscles, prevents normal joint movement contractures
type of contracture where have prolonged planter flexion of the foot, reduces ability to stand and bear weight for walking and transferring foot drop
when bones become weak and porous because calcium is removed from bones, primary reason our body does this is because the bones arent stressed osteoporosis
muscular ache that comes from lack of position changes backaches
venous blood pools in the blood vessels in the lower extremeties venous stasis
stationary blood clot thrombus
blood vessel wall becomes inflammed, most common in lower extremeties thrombophlebitis
traveling blood clot, mainly due to part of a thrombus breaking off and travels through blood, eventually will hit artery it cant get through which causes embolism embolus
blood pressure drops when patient sits/stands. drops more than 10/5, become faint/dizzy can have syncopal episode orthostatic hypotension
build up of fluid in the interstitial tissues below the level of the heart, occurs because blood just doesnt flow, build up of blood in tissues dependent edema
secretions not moving due to not moving around stasis of secretions
medical term for doesnt move stasis
inflammation of lungs, can be caused by pooled secretions, shallow respirations and inactivity hypostatic pneumonia
breathing shallow from being inactive decreased lung expansion
collapsed alveoli in the lungs, air cant move in and out, exchange of gases cant occur atelectasis
urine doesnt flow well urine stasis
bladder doesnt fully empty so bacteria grows in left over urine urinary tract infection
kidney stones urinary stone formation (calculi)
inability to control urination urinary incontinence
loss of appetite anorexia
wave like contractions that move food through your GI tract, ambulation and mobility can increase decreased peristalsis
stool becomes hard and difficult to pass constipation
collection of hardened feces in rectum or colon, patient is unable to pass without intervention fecal impaction
caused by interfernece with local circulation, skin layers usually become trapped between boney prominence and whatever surface patient is on, over time tissue becomes injured and dies from anoxia decubitis ulcer/pressure sore
because of prolonged unrelieved pressure, length of time more significant than actual weight cause of decubitis
sliding of adjacent tissues or tissue layer, can cause damamge to tissues usually occurs when client is sitting or in high fowlers position shearing force
Created by: 651300116