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Enviromental ER

Enviromental Emergencies

QuestionAnswer
Change from liquid to gas; as persipiration on the skin and vaporizes, the body experiences as a cooling effect Evaporation
Abbreviation that stands for arterial gas embolism AGE
Application of an external heat source to rewarm the body of a hypothermic patient Active rewarming
Carrying away of heat by currents of air or water or other gases or liquids Convection
Death caused by changes in the lungs resulting from immersion in water Drowning
Direct transfer of heat from one heat source to another through direct contact Conduction
Condition resulting from nitrogen trapped in the body's tissues caused by coming up too quickly from a deep, prolonged dive Decompression sickness
Application of heat to the lateral chest, neck, armpits, and groin of a hypothermic patient Central re-warming
Increase in body temperature above normal; life-threatening in its extreme Hyperthermia
Gas bubble in the bloodstream; more accurately called an arterial gas embolism Air embolism
Condition of having begun to drown; the patient may be consious, unconsious with heartbeat,and pulse, or with no heartbeat, or pulse but still able to be resuciated Near-drowning
Covering a hypothermic patient and taking other steps to prevent further heat loss and help the body rewarm its self Passive rewarming
Sending out energy, such as heat, in waves into space Radiation
Breathing; during this process, the body loses heat as warm air is exhalted from the body Respirtaion
cooling or freezing of particular parts of the body Local Cooling
generalized cooling that reduces body temperature below normal; life-threatening in its extreme Hypothermia
Substances produced by animals or plants that are poisonous to humans Toxins
Chilling coused by conduction of heat from the body when the body or clothing is wet Water Chill
Toxin produced by certain animals such as snakes, spiders, and some marine life-forms Venom
Chilling caused by convection of heat from the body in the prescence of air currnets Wind Chill
Created by: Kellene