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Health Safety: I

Health Safety: Nursing Process

QuestionAnswer
The steps of the nursing process were legitimized in 1973 when the ANA Congress for Nursing Practice developed ___________ to guide nursing performance. Standards of Practice
When a nurse assists a patient to achieve desired goals such as promoting wellness, preventing disease and illness, restoring health, or facilitating coping with altered functioning, he/she is using the __________ step of the nursing process. Implementing
____________ is an instructional strategy that requires learners to identify, graphically display, and link key concepts. Concept mapping
A nurse who reports his/her employer's violation of law to law enforcement agencies outside the employer's facilities is termed a(n) _____________. Whistle-blower
A nurse performs an initial patient interview. Assessing
A home care nurse helps the physical therapist exercise the patient's limbs. Implementing
A nurse sits down with the healthcare team halfway through treatment of a patient to see how effective the treatment has been. Evaluating
A nurse analyzes data to determine what health problems might exist. Diagnosing
A nurse sets a goal for an obese teenager to lose 2 pounds a week. Planning
A nurse consults with a patient's support people and other healthcare professionals to learn more about a patient's problem. Assessing
A nurse decides whether to continue, modify, or terminate the healthcare plan. Evaluating
A nurse identifies the strengths a patient with cancer possesses. Diagnosing
A home care nurse determines how much nursing care is needed by an elderly stroke patient living with her daughter. Planning
A nurse weighs a patient after 3 weeks to determine whether his/her new diet has been effective. Evaluating
A nurse documents respiratory care performed on a patient. Implementing
A nurse reviews a patient's past medical records. Assessing
A systematic, patient-centered, goal-oriented method of caring that provides a framework for nursing practice. Nursing process
Problem solving that involves testing any number of solutions until one is found that works for that particular problem, not efficient for the nurse and can be dangerous to the patient. Not recommended as a guide for nursing practice. Trial-and-error problem solving
Problem solving that is a systematic, seven-step, problem-solving process that involves problem identification, data collection, hypothesis formation, plan of action, hypothesis testing, interpretation of results, and evaluation Scientific problem solving
Problem solving that is a direct understanding of a situation based on a background of experience, knowledge, and skill that makes expert decision making possible. Intuitive problem solving
A systematic way to form and shape one's thinking that is disciplined, comprehensive, based on intellectual standards, and, as a result, well-reasoned. Critical thinking
The systematic and continuous collection, validation, analysis, and communication of patient data, or information. Assessing
Assessment that is performed shortly after the patient is admitted to a healthcare agency or service. The purpose is to establish a complete database for problem identification and care planning. Initial assessment
Assessment where the nurse gathers data about a specific problem that has already been identified. Focused assessment
Assessment that is scheduled to compare a patient's current status to baseline data obtained earlier. Time-lapsed assessment
Type of data where information is only perceived by the affected person; these data cannot be perceived or verified by another person. Subjective data
Type of data that is observable and measurable data that can be seen, heard, or felt by someone other than the person experiencing them. Objective data
Covert data Subjective data
Which source of patient data is usually the primary or best source? Patient
During which of phase of the nurse-patient interview does the nurse gather all the information needed to form the subjective database? Working phase
When a nurse confirms or verifies the data collected upon assessment to keep it free of error, bias, or misinterpretation, he/she is performing the act of ________. Validation
When a nurse asks a patient how having a newborn at home will affect her lifestyle, she is asking a(n) _________ type of question. Reflective
A nurse who gathers data about a newly diagnosed case of hypertension in a 52-year-old African American patient is performing a(n) __________ type of assessment. Focused assessment
When a nurse compares the current status of a patient to the initial assessment performed during the admitting process, he/she is performing a(n) ____________ type of assessment. Time-lapsed assessment
Most schools of nursing and healthcare institutions establish the specific information that must be collected from every patient in a structured assessment form. This information is known as a(n) _________. Minimum data set
Observable and measurable information that can be seen, heard, or felt by someone other than the person experiencing it. Objective data
The conscious and deliberate us of the five physical senses to gather information. Observation
Clearly identifies patient strengths and weaknesses, health risks, and potential and existing health problems. Nursing history
A planned communication to obtain patient data. Interview
The examination of a patient for objective data that may better define the patient's condition and help the nurse in planning care. Physical assessment
The act of confirming or verifying data Validation
Compares a patient's current status to baseline data obtained earlier. Time-lapsed assessment
Includes all the pertinent patient information collected by the nurse and other healthcare professionals, enabling a comprehensive and effective plan of care to be designed and implemented for the patient. Database
The gathering of data about a specific problem that has already been identified. Focused assessment
May be used by nurses to help patients identify potential and actual health risks and to explore the habits, behavior, beliefs, attitudes, and values that influence their behavior. Health assessment
Created by: 598628146