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Middle East Vocab

Nov. 2012

Civilization A high level of cultural and technological development, expecially when systems of writing and record keeping have been created.
Religion The service and worship of God or the supernatural. Commitment or devotion to religious faith or observance.
Secular Kept separate from religion, as in a secular government or state.
Polytheism The belief in many gods. Polytheism characterizes virtually all religions other than Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which share a common tradition of monotheism, the belief of one God.
Monotheism It is the belief in one god. The three best known Montheistic faiths are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Fertile Crescent An arch-shaped area in the Middle East from the Persian gulf through the Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys and along the Mediterranean Sea.
Mesopotamia The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; from the Greek word that means "between two rivers".
Sumer The country of the Sumerians on the Plain of Shinar near the Persian Gulf.
Akkad Country of the Akkadians where the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers are close together.
Semitic The language family that includes Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic.
Ziggurat A temple-tower that was the center of a Sumerian city.
Society A voluntary asociation of individuals for common ends; especially: an organized group working together or periodically meeting because of common interests, beliefs, or profession.
Dynasty A series of rulers of the same family or line.
Empire A system in which a central power (one power) controls a number of territories. These are ruled by emperors.
Theocracy Government ran by religious leaders deriving power from an ultimate source usually a god or gods.
Kingdom An area associated with or regarded as being under the control of a particular person or thing.
Dictator One person ruling a government, usually by force, or in times of crisis.
Babylonia Kingdom that covered all of Mesoptamia.
Nebuchadnezzar II At his time the greatest ruler of the second Babylonian Empire.
Iron A strong metal that can be extracted from certain kinds of rocks and made into tools and building materials.
Smelting The process of extracting metal from ore. Ore is a source from which valuable mater is extracted.
Created by: mrcunningham