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Test5_CHP_45

Urinary Disorders Chapter 45

QuestionAnswer
bacteriuria: more than 105 colonies of bacteria per milliliter of urine
cystectomy: removal of the urinary bladder
cystitis: inflammation of the urinary bladder
frequency: voiding more often than every 3 hours
ileal conduit: transplantation of the ureters to an isolated section of the terminal ileum, with one end of the ureters brought to the abdominal wall
interstitial cystitis: inflammation of the bladder wall that eventually causes disintegration of the lining and loss of bladder elasticity.
micturition: voiding or urination
neurogenic bladder: bladder dysfunction that results from a disorder or dysfunction of the nervous system; may result in either urinary retention or bladder overactivity, resulting in urinary urgency and urge incontinence
nocturia: awakening at night to urinate
overflow incontinence: involuntary urine loss associated with overdistention of the bladder due to mechanical or anatomic bladder outlet obstruction
prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate gland
pyelonephritis: inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyuria: white blood cells in the urine
residual urine: urine that remains in the bladder after voiding
suprapubic catheter: a urinary catheter that is inserted through a suprapubic incision into the bladder
ureterosigmoidostomy: transplantation of the ureters into the sigmoid colon, allowing urine to flow through the colon and out the rectum
ureterovesical or vesicoureteral reflux: backward flow of urine from the bladder into one or both ureters
urethritis: inflammation of the urethra
urethrovesical reflux: backward flow of urine from the urethra into the bladder
urinary incontinence: involuntary or uncontrolled loss of urine from the bladder sufficient to cause a social or hygienic problem
urosepsis: sepsis resulting from infected urine, most often a UTI
Created by: jhrobins99