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Common Disorders

Nurse Delegation Course

QuestionAnswerBody Ssystem
Too much pressure of the blood against the arterial walls. Hypertension(High blood Pressure) Cardiovascular
The blood pressure is not adequate for normal blood flow and getting enough oxygen to the body tissues. Hypotension (Low blood pressure) Cardiovascular
The heart is not strong enough to pump blood throughout the body. The heart pumps so weakly that blood backs up in the veins and body organs. congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Cardiovascular
A blood vessel within the heart muscle closes or is blocked so that the heart muscle itself is damaged because it does not get enough oxygen. Heat Attack Myocardial Infart or MI) Cardiovascular
A rupture or a blockage of a blood vessel in the brain, depriving parts of the brain of blood supply. Sroke or Cerebral Vascular Accident(CVA) Cardiovascular
Heartbeat(pulse)has inrregular beat. Heart Arrhymia Cardiovascular
URIs include the common cold, sinus problems, chronic cough, sore throat. runny nose. sinus infection, and tonsillitis. Either a bacteria or a virus can cause these infections. Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) Respiratory System
An inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Symptoms include fevers, chills, and cough. Pneumonia Respiratory System
A progressive and irreversible condition where the person has difficulty breathing in and out due to a problem in the lungs or bronchi. Chronic Pronchitis and Pulmonary Emphysema are examples of COPD. The most common cause is smoking. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) Respiratory System
A chronic disease in which the resiratory system reacts to things in the evironment like dust, mold, pollen, fumes, and sometimes foods. Asthma usually happens in "asthma attacks" where the person has difficulty breathing and wheezes. Asthma Respiratory System
Area of the skin lack of blood flow due to continous pressure has caused tissue damage.Pressure ulcers are preventable. Pressure Ulcers (Decubitus Ulcer, or Bed Sore) Integumentary System
A chronically open oozing area, due to blood in the veins not getting pumped back to the heart fast enough. The skin around the ulcer becomes discolored brown. This occurs most often on the lower legs and feet. Stasis/Venous Ulcers Integumentary System
Round open areas on the feet and lower leg due to lack of blood flow to the legs. Arterial Ulcers Diabetic Ulcers) Integumentary System
Rashes are raised,red, bumpy areas on the skin that often itchy. Skin infections are caused by break in the skin like a scratch where bacteria have taken hold. Rashes and Infections Integumentary System
Skin damage that is caused by fire,sun,chemicals,hot objects or liquids,or electricity.Burns are classified according to how deeply the skin is damaged. 1st degree burns,the skin is reddened and maybe swollen and tender. Burns Integumentary System
2nd degree burns usually have blisters,intense redness,pain and swelling. Burns Integumentary System
3rd degree burns are the most serious and invole all layers of the skin. Burns Integumentary System
Abnormal growth on the skin.Most are little,pearly bumps or sores that bleed,scab over,but never heal up. These usually don't spread and are treatable.A more dangerous kind of skin cancer is melanoma. Skin Cancer/Lesions Integumentary System
Melanoma are irregularly shaped, and may be described as a"strange mole"or a mole that is changing. Skin Cancer/Lesions Integumentary System
Surgical incisions that haven't healed and have opened up. these need to heal slowly from the inside out. Dehisced Wounds Integumentary System
Any abnormal tunneling that connects parts of the body that are not normally connected.Somtimes there is drainage from the fistula such as bowel contents or other body fluids. Fistulas Integumentary System
An infection of one or more parts of the urinary tract.The condition is more common in women than men and may have no symptoms. Urinary Tract Infection Genito-Urinary System
Inability to control urination. Urinary Incontinence Genito-Urinary System
The prostate gland in men,which is located between the bottom of the bladder and the top of the penis,can become enlarged.When this happens it can block the flow of urine. Urinary Incontinence Genito-Urinary System
This can make it difficult for men to start urination and to completely empty their bladders. Urinary Incontience Genito-Urinary System
Failure to have regular bowel movements.Feces become hardened and dry. Constipation Gastrointestinal System
Fecal impaction is prolonged collection and holding of feces(solid waste)in the lower colon.The causes of fecal impaction are: Fecal Impaction Gastrointestinal System
.Unresolved constipation Dehydration .Prolonged bed rest .Medication with side effects of constipation .Client is nutritionally depleted. Fecal Impaction Gastrointestinal System
These are varicose veins in the rectum. They can be internal or external. Hemorrhoids develop due to .Straining to have a bowel movement .Constipation .Prolonged sitting .childbirth Hemorrhoids Gastrointestinal System
A gastriontestinal ulcer is a soreness or tissue breakdown in any section of the GI tract. Gastiontestianl Ulcer Gastriontestinal System
Bowels are very easily irritated and are normally active causing diarrhea. Colitis (Irritable Bowel) Gastriontestial System
Dehydration is excessive loss of water from the body tissue,or the body not taking in enough fluid. Dehydration Gastriontestial System
Feeling of "heartburn"caused by partially digested food/acid mixture backing up into the lower esophagus. GERD(Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Gastriontestial System
The pancreas does not produce any or enough of a hormone called insulin. Without insulin,the cannot properly use sugar to fuel the body's cells.As a result sugar(glucose)stays in the bloodstream and is excreted in the urine. Diabetes Mellitus Endocrine System
The thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. This is a fairly common condition in the elderly and is treated with sythetic thyroid. Hypothyroidism (Low Thyroid) Endrocrine System
A seizure is a sudden increase in the electrical activity in one portion of the brain.The seizure can occur in one area with specific and localized symptoms or it may spread to the entire brain,resulting in loss of consciousness and the the body shaking. Seizures and Epilepsy Nervous System
This sudden discharge of electrical activity can several causes,ranging from epilepsy to head injury.There are many types of seizures. Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system which can cause seizures. Seizures and Epilepsy Nervous System
A slowly progressive disease of the central nervous system.Tremors can have other causes such as brain trauma or medication side effects. Parkinson's Disease and other Tremors Nervous System
A progressive disease of the central nervous system.Tremors can have other causes such as brain trauma or medication side effects. Alzheimer's and other Dementias Nervous System
An injury to the brain from an accident,an assault,a fall,or from lack of blood supply and oxygen like after a near-drowning or cardiac arrest. Traumatic Brain Injury Nervous System
With osteoporosis,the bones gradually become so weak that they can fracture(break)with something as minor as a sneeze. Osteoporosis Musculoskeletal System
Osteoporosis can also cause low back pain,stooped shoulder and rapid loss of height.It mostly affects post-menopausal women,although man can get osteoporosis. Osteoporosis Musculoskeletal System
A fractrue is a break in a bone.A fracture is treated by getting the pieces of bones lined up into normal position and keeping the area stable with a cast,or by putting screws,pins,or plates into the bone. Osteoporosis Musculoskeletal System
Healing of bones may take several weeks.Older people require a longer healing period. Osteoporosis Musculoskeletal System
Lens of the eye become opaque. Catarcts Sensory System
The eyes don't produce enough tears to lubricate the surface or the eye,so that it is often feels like there is something in the eye like dirt or an eyelash.This can lead to scratches on the surface of the eye. Dry Eyes Sensory System
A series of changes that happen inside the eye causing decreased vision and even blindness.This is an irreversible process. Macular Degeneration Sensory System
A buid up of fluid pressure inside the eye that can lead to blindness.Glaucoma can be managed with medication. Glaucoma Sensory System
A complication of diabetes involving the retina inside the eye.This can lead to decreased vision and even blindness. Diabetic Retinopathy Sensory System
A loss of ability to hear certain sounds that can be caused by a number of things including long-term exposure to loud noises. Hearing loss Sensory System
A ringing or buzzing in the ears that has a number of causes including exposure to loud noises,infections,or side effects of some medications. Tinnitis Sensory System
A common condition in the elderly and may be due to some internal changes in the ear as well as many other causes. Dizzinesss or Vertigo Sensory System
Created by: sandragraham