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Cog Quizzes

The span of apprehension is a measure of how much information can enter into consciousness at once.
The partial report procedure has been used to measure span of apprehension. What is the conclusion from these studies? Participants must have apprehended about 75% of the array even though they only reported 3 of 12 items because they did not know what row they were to report prior to seeing the array.
Proactive interference is when: material you had learned previously interferes with new learning.
Information can be represented in primary memory: acoustically, semantically, or visuo-spatially.
What may be said about the capacity of primary memory? Capacity varies depending on how the information is encoded.
Which of the following is NOT a component of Baddeley's working memory model? Short-term memory.
Which of the following was a problem in Baddeley's original working memory model that the episodic buffer was designed to address? The original model did not provide a way for working memory to interact with long-term memory.
What can be said about the relation between working memory span and reading comprehension? Working memory span is an extremely good predictor of reading comprehension.
If I wanted to remember the name of a person I had just met, I would be most successful if I: tried to relate the person's name to other memories that I had.
What is one problem with studying real-life emotional events? Highly emotional events also tend to be great stories and are repeated a lot.
When participants learned a list of words and then watched a videotape of proper tooth brushing: they had poorer memory for the words than participants who watched a tape of oral surgery, suggesting that emotion boosts memory.
Research on flashbulb memories is consistent with the idea that flashbulb memories: operate just like other types of memories.
In Hyde and Jenkin's (1973) study on whether the intention to remember something helps your memory, they found that: participants in the incidental and intentional learning conditions did not differ in their memory for the material.
Most people have problems recognizing a picture of a real penny among a set of similar distractors. From this result we can conclude that: repeated exposure to an object is not sufficient for committing the object to memory.
Which of the following is the primary assertion of transfer appropriate processing views? When the same processes are used at encoding and retrieval, recall will be successful.
Which of the following findings supports the notion that chess experts rely on prior knowledge about chess (and are not just overall smarter) when attempting to reconstruct chess piece locations? Chess experts did not show enhanced memory for chess pieces that were distributed randomly.
Your friend tells you that he has just come from a boring lecture. He doesn't have to tell you that the students were sitting in chairs and the professor was standing at the front of the lecture hall because you have a schema for a lecture. Example? Making inferences
When people watch a video of someone performing a routine activity (such as making a bed), they tend to mark out the beginning and ending of "natural units" in a hierarchical fashion, with parts that tended to correspond to functions. This suggests that: script-like knowledge structures are used not only at retrieval, but also when interpreting ongoing behavior.
The form of question you are answering right now is what type of memory test? Recognition
If you were to encode the word "pillow" by hearing the sentence, "She always slept with two pillows," you would be: more likely to recall "pillow" with the cue "something used when sleeping" than with the cue "something that is soft."
Why is there recognition failure of recallable words? The encoding and retrieval cues are low associates, and therefore, make you think of the to-be-remembered items in unusual ways.
When might source confusion occur? When one mistakes one's own thought for an event that actually occurred.
The technique known as guided imagery: has been called into question because of its susceptibility to source confusion.
The tip of the tongue phenomenon is: one possible example of occlusion as a cause of forgetting.
An intrusion is: giving an answer that is incorrect in the current context, but would be correct in a different context.
Which of the following terms refers to the active forgetting of an episode that is very painful or emotionally charged? Repression
Which of the following is a problem with using spontaneous recovery as evidence that all memories are never forgotten? Just because some memories can be recovered spontaneously does not mean that all memories may be recovered.
Experimental tests of whether hypnosis aids in memory retrieval conclude that hypnosis: does not improve the accuracy of memory.
Which of the following is NOT a problem with using Wilder Penfield's (1959) stimulation studies as evidence that all memories are never forgotten? In attempts to verify the images patients claimed were memories, Penfield discovered that the events were false.
Memories that feel like they are real memories, but are actually a combination of real events and other information, are called: Constructions
Which of the following best characterizes the classical view of categorization? A concept is a list of necessary and sufficient conditions to which objects are compared in order to determine category membership.
Which of the following is a problem for the classical view of categorization? A robin is considered a "birdier" bird than an ostrich.
Which of the following experimental results was taken as evidence for prototype models of categorization? People can categorize the prototype, which they have never seen before, as accurately as they categorize examples they have seen before.
Computer simulations of human categorization performance that use ________ models match real human performance better than those that use ________ models. exemplar; prototype
What is the "final word" on how people categorize objects? In some situations they use rules, and in others they use similarity.
When answering the question "Do alligators have a heart?" you will likely use which of the following? Property inheritance.
In spreading activation theories of memory organization, when one node becomes active, it will: activate semantically related nodes.
Priming refers to: facilitation in the processing of a stimulus from prior exposure to that stimulus.
Which of the following describes graceful degradation? If the system is damaged, performance is not completely knocked out but impaired in proportion to the extent of the damage.
Some researchers claim to have found individual neurons in humans that respond to very specific stimuli, such as pictures of Jennifer Aniston. What can be said about these claims? The results argue against a highly distributed representation system.
Procedural memory involves ________ and declarative memory involves ________. knowing how to do something; knowing that something is true
What can be said regarding the results of brain imaging studies of declarative memory? Words that are eventually remembered are associated with more activity in certain brain areas than words that are ultimately forgotten.
Memory that is associated with a "this happened to me" feeling is: episodic memory.
Created by: 546496914