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the digestive system

aerophagia The swallowing of air, whether deliberately to stimulate belching, accidentally, or as an involuntary habit.
amebic dysentery inflammation of the intestines caused by the parasitic amoeba
anastomosis The connection of separate parts of a branching system to form a network, as of leaf veins, blood vessels, or a river and its branches.
anorexia nervosa A psychophysiological disorder usually occurring in young women that is characterized by an abnormal fear of becoming obese, a distorted self-image, a persistent unwillingness to eat, and severe weight loss.
antiemetic any antiemetic drug, such as promethazine or metoclopramide
aphthous ulcers a blister on the mucous membranes of the lips or mouth or gastrointestinal tract
ascites An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity
bariatrics The branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity.
borborygmus rumbling of the stomach
botulism A severe, sometimes fatal food poisoning caused by ingestion of food containing botulin and characterized by nausea, vomiting, disturbed vision, muscular weakness, and fatigue.
bulimia nervosa Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating, followed by compensatory behaviors.
cachexia Weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness
cheilosis a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin.
cholangiography X-ray examination of the bile ducts, used to locate and identify an obstruction.
cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder
cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder.
choledocholithotomy Surgery that involves the removal of one or more obstructive gallstones from the common bile duct.
cholelithiasis The formation of gallstones
cholera 1.An infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies and causing severe vomiting and diarrhea
cirrhosis 1.A chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism or hepatitis
crohns disease Chronic inflammatory intestinal disease. According to the latest findings, foodstuffs may trigger such inflammations, for example through a delayed type III food allergy.
diverticulitis 1.Inflammation of a diverticulum, esp. in the colon, causing pain and disturbance of bowel function
diverticulosis A condition in which diverticula are present in the intestine without signs of inflammation
dyspepsia Indigestion
dysphagia Difficulty or discomfort in swallowing, as a symptom of disease
emesis The action or process of vomiting
enteritis Inflammation of the intestine, esp. the small intestine, usually accompanied by diarrhea
eructation A belch
esophageal varices stretched veins in the esophagus that occur when the liver is not working properly
esophagogastroduodenoscopy a test using an endoscope to look at the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine. Tissue samples can also be taken to test for diseases.
gastroduodenostomy Gastroduodenostomy is a surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum. This procedure may be performed in cases of stomach cancer or in the case of a malfunctioning pyloric valve.
hematemesis The vomiting of blood
hemoccult test A test that checks for hidden blood in the stool.
hepatitis A disease characterized by inflammation of the liver
herpes labialis blister-like sores occuring on the lip and adjacent tissue (also known as cold sores)
hiatal hernia hiatus hernia: hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm
hyperemesis severe and excessive vomiting
Created by: daniellenicole