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Central Dogma Model DNA --> Transcription --> RNA --> Translation --> Protein
What is a gene? A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to an offspring and is held to determine some characteristic from the parents.
What is Gene Expression? It converts the information in a gene into a specific polypeptide of specialized RNA molecule in the proper cell.
Define Transcription Transfers the information stored in the coding strand of a gene to a mRNA molecule
What specific information is stored in the DNA? Genetic codes and nucleotide sequences
What is a promoter? a sequence in the nucleotide sequence to signal the DNA polymerase to start unwinding.
What is the TATA box? Found in the promoter region. Indicates the point at which a genetic sequence can be read and decoded.
What role does RNA Polymerase II perform in the transcription of a protein coding gene? Unwinds the double helix and synthesizes a mRNA molecule complementary to the template strand.
Which molecule is synthesized by RNA Polyermase II? mRNA
What are codons? What do they contain? THREE nucleotide sequence in mRNA that codes for a specific amino acid, a translation start site or a translation stop site.
What are triplets? Three bases code for one amino acid.
Created by: lucas_witham