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Law Chap. 5
terms for chapter 5
|responsibility of one person for the torts of another.
|a serious crime punishable by jail over 1 year or execution.
|less serious crime punishable by fine or jail up to 1 year.
|misdemeanor punishable by only a fine.
|committed by "respected" community members.
|Larceny or Theft
|The wrongful taking of money or personal property that belongs to someone else, with the intent to deprive the owner of its possession.
|taking of property from another's person or immediate presence, against the victim's will, by force or by causing fear.
|entering a building without permission when intending to commit a crime.
|Receiving stolen property
|knowingly receiving or buying property known to be stolen, with intent to deprive the rightful owner of the property.
|one who receives stolen property.
|one who obtains money or other property by lying about a past or existing fact.
|Intentional misrepresentation of an existing, important fact
|falsely making or materially altering a writing to defraud another.
|unlawfully offering or giving receiving money to influence an official duty\act.
|blackmail. Obtaining money or other property from a person by wrongful use of force, fear, or the power of office.
|agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime.
|willful and illegal burning of a building.
|Selling and buying narcotics
|selling, offering to sell, or possessing illegal narcotics; transporting or giving illegal narcotics
|Accessing, altering, damaging, or destroying without authorization any computer or information on a computer is criminal conduct.
|a breach of allegiance to one's government usually committed through levying war against the government or by giving aid or comfort to the enemy
|lying under oath
|placing another in fear of harmful or offensive touching.
|harmful or offensive touching of another.
|legal doctrine by which one party is held liable for the torts of another.
|Vicarious criminal liability
|legal doctrine by which one party is held criminally responsible for the crimes of another
|based on problems with the way evidence is obtained or the way the accused person is arrested, questioned, tried, or punished.
|defenses which disprove, justify, or excuse the alleged crime.
|reasonable and lawful resistance to attack.
|the mental state in which the accused does not know the difference between right and wrong.
|freedom from prosecution.
|a defense that places the defendant at the relevant time of crime in a different place than the scene involved so that it makes it impossible for him/her to be the guilty party.
|any penalty provided by law and imposed by court.
|pleading guilty to a less serious crime in exchange for having a more serious charge dropped.
|cash paid as punishment
|compensation for a loss, damage, or injury
|restriction in jail, prison, or penitentiary
|the killing of somebody as part of a legal or extralegal process
|sentence imposed for commission of crime whereby a convicted criminal is released into the community under the supervision of a probation officer in lieu of incarceration.
|release from jail, prison or other confinement after actually serving part of sentence.
|an executive action that sets aside punishment for a crime.
|intentional threat to physically or offensively injure another with use of a deadly weapon or other severe circumstances.
|harmful or offensive touching using a deadly weapon or the fact that the battery resulted in serious bodily harm.
|Breaking and Entering
|entering any building not just a dwelling without permission with intent to commit a crime.
|a crime such as sabotaging or stealing computer data or using a computer to commit some other crime.
|First Degree Murder
|murder that is willful, deliberate, or premeditated, or that is committed during the course of another serious felony (often limited or rape, kidnapping, robbery, burglary or arson)
|The killing of one person by another.
|Seizing and taking away a person by force or fraud, often with a demand for ransom.
|the unlawful killing of a human being without malice
|The killing of a human being with malice aforethought.
|unlawful sexual activity with a person without consent and usually by force or threat of injury.
|Second Degree Murder
|the killing of a human being committed intentionally; unintentionally but recklessly under circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to the value of human life.
|offensive sexual contact with another person exclusive of rape.
|the forced penetration of or contact with another’s sexual organs or the sexual organs of the perpetrator.
|the act or instance of following or loitering near another with the purpose of annoying or harassing that person or committing a further crime.
|the attempt to overthrow the government either by making war against the state or materially supporting its enemies. (spying for enemies).