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ANP1040 CH4

Describe the structure of DNA & relate this to its function.
Explain how DNA & proteins are organized to form the chromosomes.
Describe the types of RNA directly involved in producing proteins. Messenger RNA (mRNA), Ribosomal (rRNA), and transfer RNA (tRNA).
Describe RNA structure & functional differences.
How does RNA compare w/ DNA? RNA is smaller, RNA consists of only one nucleotide vs. DNA having a double-helix, the sugar in RNA is ribose instead of deoxyribose.
What is a gene? Information containing segment of DNA that codes for the production of a molecule of RNA which then goes onto play a role in synthesis of one or more proteins.
What determines the amino acid sequence of a protein? Nucleotide sequence in the DNA.
Define: Genetic Code A system that enables these 4 nucleotides to code for the amino acid sequence of all proteins.
Define: Base Triplet
Explain the difference between a codon or anticodon?
Explain how DNA codes for protein synthesis.
Created by: shaston001