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Test mod 5

SALT General Science

Life Science a term that encompasses all scientific pursuits related to living organisms
Archaeology the study of past human life as revealed by preserved relics
Artifacts objects made by people, such as tools, weapons, containers, etc.
Geology the study of earth’s history as revealed in the rocks that make up the earth.
Paleontology the study of life’s history as revealed in the preserved remains of once-living organisms
Aristotle’s dictum The benefit of the doubt is to be given to the document itself, not assigned by the critic to himself.
Known age the age of an artifact as determined by a date printed on it or a reference to the artifact in a work of history.
Dendrochronology The process of counting tree rings to determine the age of a tree.
Radiometric dating Using a radioactive process to determine the age of an item.
Absolute age The calculated age of an artifact from a specific dating method that is used to determine when the artifact was made.
The principle of Superposition When artifacts are found in rock or earth that is layered, the deeper layers hold the older artifacts.
If you wanted to learn about the history of life other than human life, would you use archaeology or paleontology? paleontology because archaeology concentrates on human life
Name the three tests used to evaluate documents that claim to be historical Internal Test, External Test, Bibliographic Test
Internal test: makes sure that the document does not contradict itself.
External test: makes certain that the document does not contradict other known historical or archaeological facts.
Bibliographic test: makes certain the document we have today is essentially the same as the original.
In what test is Aristotle’s dictum used? Why must we use it? Aristotle’s dictum is used in the internal test. We must use it because what seems to be a contradiction in a document might not be a contradiction. It might just be our inability to understand the language in which the document is written
What two things help a document pass the bibliographic test? First, there should be a small time period between when the original was written and when the first available copy was made. Second, there must be a lot of different copies from a lot of different sources.
Of the three tests for a document of history, which two does the Bible pass better than any other document of its time? external and bibliographic tests
suppose archaeologists find a new historical document in a ruin. A few years later, several copies of that same document are found in a nearby location commissioned by the same king. Would these copies help the document pass the bibliographic test? why? no, the documents must be by a different source in order to pass the bibliographic test
an archaeologist is trying to determine the age of an ancient village that has just been discovered, and he would like to use dendrochronology. What 2 things must he have in order to determine the age of the village a preserved log with identifiable rings and a master tree ring pattern
what is a master tree ring pattern? consistent weather patterns that archaeologists find in tree rings that are cataloged to determine the time events took place
_________________________________________________Does the Bible have any difficult passages that might seem like contradictions __________________________________________________Yes, because of the difficulty of translating ancient languages, there are some difficult passages. All documents of history have such passages, however.
Does the Bible contain any contradictions that make it fail the internal test? No The Bible passes the internal test as well as any document of its time.
Why are the two accounts given in Acts 9:7 and Acts 22:9 not contradictory? This is a translation problem. The verb “hear” used in Acts 9:7 means the men heard sounds but in Acts 22:9 requires they must understand the language. The 1st tells us the men heard sounds, but the 2nd tells us the men could not understand those sounds.
__________________________________________________ Why are the two genealogies of Christ given in Luke 3 and Matthew 1 not contradictory? Once again, you can use your Bible __________________________________________________ One of the genealogies traces Mary’s line, while the other traces Joseph’s line
Which type of age is more certain: a known age or an absolute age? known
If an artifact has neither a known age nor an absolute age, what principle might be used to determine its age of relative to something else? The Principle of Superposition
What is the underlying assumption of the Principle of Superposition? The Principle of Superposition assumes that in rock or soil that is layered, the layers were formed one at a time.
Since there are many different stories about a worldwide flood that come from many different cultures, why should we believe the Bible’s account? Why not believe the story of the worldwide flood as given in Greek mythology or one of the aboriginal legends We should believe the biblical account because the Bible is more historically reliable than any of the other documents.
Besides being discussed in the most accurate historical document of its time, what other historical evidence exists to indicate that a worldwide flood actually did occur? There are many seemingly unrelated cultures that all have a worldwide flood tale.
If an archaeologist uses dendrochronology to determine that a city was built in 2500 B.C. Years later, another digs deeper under the site and finds another city. There is nothing he can use for a dating technique. What can he conclude? Using the Principle of Superposition, he can conclude that the city he found was built before 2500 B.C.
Created by: libbykaly