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Cell Organelles

QuestionAnswer
pinocytotic vesicle vessel that stores liquid produced by the process of the act of grabbing some liquid
lysosome single membrane organelles that stores enzymes created by the cell for the purpose of digesting things
golgi vesicles vessel that stores complex molecules that are stored for later use or sent out of the cell
endoplasmic reticulum (ER) functions as a packaging system 2 types; rough ER and smooth ER
rough ER important in the synthesis and packaging of proteins ribosomes are attached to the membrane
smooth ER stores ions and steroids lacks ribosomes
cell membrane flexible outer layer that separates a cell from its environment controls what enters and leaves the cell
mitochondrion the powerhouse of the cell breaks down nutrients and converts it to energy (cellular respiration)
golgi apparatus the "post office" of the cell converts basic molecules to complex molecules packages complex molecules in vesicles for later use or sent out of the cell
nucleolus inside the nucleus makes RNA
nucleus the brain or control house of the cell controls the functions, movement, energy consumption, and reproduction of the cell
centrioles aid in cell division (animal cells only)
microtubules thick tubes made of proteins 9 make up 1 centrioles
cytoplasm the fluid that fills a cell made up of enzymes, fatty acids, sugars and amino acids
ribosomes makes the proteins in the cell
large central vacuole storage compartment that holds waste, protein, salt, minerals, nutrients, and pigments (plant cells only)
cell wall made of cellulose, rigid outer layer that surrounds the cell membrane that protects and shapes the cell (plant cells only)
chloroplast produces food for the cell through the process of photosynthesis contains chlorophyll (plant cells only)
vacuole membrane made of cell sap regulates intake and output of the vacuole (plant cell only)
Created by: JinBoy