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civics vocabulary

civis vocabulary

absentee ballot one that allows a person to vote without going to the polls on election day
absolute monarch a monarch that has complete and unlimited power to rule his or her people
acid rain rain containing high amounts of chemical pullatants
acquittal a vote of not quilty
affirmative action programs intended to make up for the past discrimination by helping the minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
alien a non citizen
ambassador an official representative of a countrys goverment
amend to change
amendment any change in the constitution
amnesty a pardon to a group of people
anti federalists those appose to the ratification of the constitution
antitrust law legislation to prevent new monopolies from forming and police those that already exist
apartheid system of laws that separated racial and ethnic groups and limited the rights of blacks in south africa
apathy a lack of interest
appeals court a court that reviews decisions made in lower district
appellate jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court
apportion divide among districts
appropriations bill legislation earmarking funds for certain purpose
arbitration situation in which union and company officials submit the issues they cannot agree on to a third party for a final decision
archives files of older stories
arraignment a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty
articles of partnership formal legal papers specifying the arrangement between partners
at large election an election for an area as a whole; for exsample state wide
authoritarian a goverment in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power
automatic stabilizer program that automatically provides benefits to offset a change in peoples income
bail a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial
balance of trade the difference btwn the value of a nations exports and its exports
balance budget annual budget in which expenditures equal revenues
ballot the list of candidates on which you cast your vote
bicarmeral legislature
bill of attainder a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
board of direcrors people elected by the share holders of a corporation to act on their behalf
bond contract to repay borrowed money with interest at a specific time in the future
boycott the refusal to purchase certain goods
brief a written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case
budget a plan for making and spending money
budget resolution congressional document that shows total spending and revenues for a year and how much will be spent in various categories
bureaucracy complex systems with many departments many rules and many people in the chain of command
business cycle alternating periods of growth and decline that the economy goes throught
cabinet a group of advisers to the president that includes the heads of 14 top level executive departments
capital previously manufactured goods used to make other goods and services
capitalism a system in which private citizens own most if not all of means of production and decide how to use them whithin legislated limits
casework the work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
caucus a meeting of political party members to cunduct party business
censorship the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas
census a population taken by the census bearuogh
central bank an institution that lends money to other banks,. also the place where the government does its banking busness
certificate of deposit timed deposit that states the amount of the deposit maturity and rate of interes being paid
charter a written document granting land ant the authority to set up colonial governments or a government document granting permission to organixe a corporation
charter schools schools that receive state funding but are excusedfrom meeting many public school regulations
checking account an account in which deposited money can be withdraw at any time by writing a check
checks and balances a system in which each branck of government is able to check, or restrain the power of the others
circuit the area jurisdiction of a federal court of appeals
citizens community members who owe loyalty to the goverment and are entiled to protection from it
city charter a document granting power to a local government
civics the study of the rights and duties of citizens
civil liberties freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
civil rights the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law
civil service system the practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open competitive examinations and merit
civil service worker person hired into a federal position
civilian labor force all civilians 16 years old or older who are either working or are looking for work
closed primary an election in which only the declared menbers of a party are allowed to vote for that partys nominees
closed shop company in which only union members can be hired
cloture a procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill
coin metallic form of money such as pennies, nickels and dimes
cold war conflict between usa and the soviet union dating from the later when the 2 contries competed for world influence without declared military action
collective bargaining process by which unions and employers neogosiate conditions of employment
colony a group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
command economy an economic system in which the major economic decisions are made by the central government
commercial bank a financial institution that offers full banking services to individuals and businesses
common law a system of law based on precedent and customs
communism economic system in which the central government directs all major econonic decisions
community a group of peolple who share the same interest and concerns
commute to reduce a criminals sentenc
compact an agreement or contract among a group of people
comparative advantage the ability of a country to produce a good at a lower opportunity cost thatn another country can
competition the struggle btwn buyers and selllers to get the best products at the lowest prices
complaint a formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought
complement product often used with another product
concurrent jurisdiction authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decde cases
concurrent powers powers shared by the state and the federal goverments
concuring opinion a statement written by a justice who votes with the majority but for a different reason whith the mayority
confederation a group of individiuls or state governments
constituent a person from a legislatores district
constitution a detailed written plan for goverment
contitutional in accordance with the constitution
constitutional convection meeting of state delegates 1787 leading to adoption of new constitution
consttutional monarchy a system in which the power of the hereditary ruler is limited by the countrys constitution and laws
consumer price index measure of the change in price over time of a specific group of goods and servises
consumer sovereignty the role of consumer as the ruler of the marcket determining qhat products will be produce
consumerism a movement to educate buyers abouth the purchses they make
Created by: hispanic911



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