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Week 3 Med Term

Medullary Cavity Central, hollowed out area in the shaft of a long bone.
Manubrium Upper portion of the sternum
Malleolus Rounded process on both sides of the tarsus joint
Malaise a vague feeling of discomfort; aka the blahs
Luxation displacement of bone from its joint; dislocation
Ligament connective tissue binding bone to bone
Leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle arising from connective tissue
Laxity looseness
Laminectomy removal of part of the vertebral arch to relieve pressure from a ruptured IVD
Lamina Thin, flat plate
Irregular Bones bones that have characteristics of more than one shape characteristic
Herniation of IVD abnormal protrusion of IVD into the neural canal or spinal nerves
Hernia abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through the structure that contain it
Gait manner of walking
Fracture traumatic breaking of bone
Fossa shallow cavity in or on a bone
Foramen opening in bone that allows for the passage of vessels and nerves
Flat bones two sheets of compact bones that allows for protection
Fibroma mass or tumor of fibrous connective tissue
Fascia fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscle
Epiphysis each end of a long bone; the area beyond the epiphyseal plate
Epiphyseal Plate cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place
Endosteum membrane surrounding the medullary cavity
Dystrophy abnormal development of cell, organ, or tissue size
Diaphysis shaft or midportion of a long bone
Cortical Bone hard dense bone that forms the outer layer of bone; compact bone
Coprophagic p.t. ingestion of feces
Coprophagy ingestion of feces
Connective to bind together
Condyle knuckle-like process at the ends of some long bones
Chondrosarcoma malignant tumor of cartilage arising form connective tissue
Chondrocostal Cartilage that is attached to the ribs
Cartilage flexible, connective tissue attached to bones and joints
Cardiac Muscle Striated yet involuntary muscle
Cancellous Bone spongy, porous, trabecular bone
Calcium one of the mineral constituents of bone
Bone Head rounded articular process
Ataxia no coordination
Atonic p.t. lack of tension; p.t. lack of muscle control
Articulation where 2 or more bones come together to form a joint
Articular Cartilage thin layer of cartilage occurring at the ends of long bones and covering any part of a bone that comes into contact with another bone
Ankylosis abnormal condition of stiffening
Achondroplasia bones of the arms and legs that fail to grow to normal size
Acetabulum socket in the pelvis
-y condition; process
-tome instrument to cut
-porosis pore; passage
-poietic p.t. formation
-physis to grow
-oma tumor; mass; collection of fluid
-desis surgical fixation (bones)
-clasts to break
-blast embryonic; immature
-asthenia lack of strength
Syn-, sym- together; with
Ante- before; forward
ton/o tension
tax/o order; coordination
synov/o synovial membrane
steat/o fat
spondyl/o vertebra
sarc/o connective tissue
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle
pector/o chest
ortho/o straight
onych/o nail
nect/o to bind; tie; connect
myel/o spinal cord; bone marrow
leiomy/o smooth muscle
ankyl/o stiff
Extra Cap Extra Capsular Technique
TTA Tibial Tuberosity Advancement
VPB Veterinary pharmaceuticals and biologicals
PROM passive range of motion
PDR Physician's Desk Reference
CAR Congenital Articular Rigidity
THR Total Hip Replacement
TPLO Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy
TPO Triple Pelvic Osteotomy
Yellow Bone Marrow fatty tissue found in the diaphysis of long bones in older individuals
Vigor healthy growth; aka high energy
Vertebra(e) backbone(s)
Tuberosity small, roughened process for attachment of tendons and muscles
Tubercle rounded, roughened process of many bones for attachment of tendons and muscles (ie: humerus)
Trochanter large, blunt, roughened process on femur for attachment of tendons and muscles
Tonus Muscle tone; balanced muscle tension
Tetany Muscle spasms or twitching
Tenosynovitis Inflammation of the tendon sheath
Synthesis creation of compounds by union of elements
Synovial Membrane membrane lining the synovial cavity; produces synovial fluid
Synovial Joint a freely moveable joint
Synovial Fluid Viscous (sticky) fluid within the synovial cavity
Synovial Cavity space between bones at a synovial joint; contains synovial fluid
Syndactyl fusion of toes
Symmetry same size
Symbiosis two organisms living together in close association, either for mutual benefit or not
Suture joint between bones; i.e. skull
Spondylosis degeneration of the IVD in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions
Smooth Muscle involuntary, visceral muscle
Skeletal Muscle striated, voluntary muscle
Short Bones bones that are cube shaped
Sesamoid Bones small bones embedded in a tendon
Rhabdomyosarcoma malignant tumor of skeletal muscle arising form connective tissue
Red Bone Marrow found in cancellous bone and the site of hematopoiesis
Pneumatic Bones sinus-containing bones
Physis cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place
Periosteitis inflammation of the membrane surrounding bone; inflammation of periosteum
Periosteum membrane surrounding bone
Osteoporosis loss of bone tissue and decreased mass of bone
Osteonecrosis death of bone tissue
Osteodystrophy abnormal development of bone
Osteoclasts bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue
Osteocytes bone cells
Osteoblasts bone cell that helps form bone tissue
Ossification process of bone formation
Osseus Tissue bone tissue
Orthopedic p.t. branch of surgery dealing with the skeletal system
Myasthenia muscle weakness
Metaphysis flared portion of a long bone between the diaphysis and epiphyseal plate
Meniscus fibrous cartilage found in some joints to withstand compressive forces
uln/o ulna
vertebr/o vertebra
Anti- against
Dia- through; complete
Epi- on; upon; above
Inter- between
Mal- bad
Meta- change; beyond
Pan- all
Peri- surrounding
Poly- many; much
Quadri- four
-algia pain
-ar, -ous p.t.
-cyte cell
-gram record
-kinesis movement
-logy study of
-malacia softening
-metry measurement
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease condition
-plasia formation; development; growth
-tomy incision; process of cutting
Docile tame; easygoing
Osteosarcoma malignant tumor of bone arising from connective tissue
Synovitis inflammation of the synovial membrane
Tendon connective tissue that binds muscle to bone
Unthrifty not thriving
perone/o fibula
EMG Electromyogram
Ortho orthopedic; orthopedic procedure
IVD Intervertebral Disc
bilat. bilateral
ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament
CCL Cranial Cruciate Ligament
AAHA American Animal Hospital Association
AVMA American Veterinary Medical Association
DVM Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (VMD)
CVT Certified Veterinary Technician (LVT, RVT)
CACVT Colorado Association of Certified Veterinary Technician
NAVTA National Association of Veterinary Technicians of America
acetabul/o actetabulum
articul/o joint
brachi/o arm
burs/o bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
calcane/o calcaneus (heel)
carp/o carpals
clavicul/o clavicle
copr/o feces
dactyl/o toes
femor/o femur
fibr/o, fibros/o fiber; fibrous connective tissue
fibul/o fibula
herni/o hernia
humer/o humerus
hydr/o water; fluid
ili/o illium
isch/o ischium
kinesi/o movement
lamin/o lamina
ligament/o ligament
malleol/o malleolus
mandibul/o mandible; lower jaw
maxill/o maxilla; upper jaw
metacarp/o metacarpals
metatars/o metatarsals
myocardi/o myocardium (heart muscle)
necr/o death
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
patell/o patella (knee cap)
phalang/o throat
pub/o pubis
radi/o radius or x-rays
stern/o sternum
tars/o tarsals
tibi/o tibia
tox/o poison
Created by: JBonnell